Novel Small Four-armed Molecules with Triphenylamine-bridged Structure for Organic Solar Cells Featuring High Open-circuit Voltage
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In view of few attention on star-shaped molecules containing triphenylamine(TPA) unit as π-linker, a series of small four-armed molecules, consisting of octyloxy-substituted 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole(DOBT) or 4-octyl-2-thienyl functionalized DOBT as the core, TPA as π-bridge and 4-methylphenyl or 4-methoxyphenyl groups as terminal units, was designed and synthesized. The effects of πbridges and substitute groups on molecular photoe-lectric performance and photovoltaic performance were fully explored. With the help of the additional thiophene-linkers incorporation, 3-octylthienyl substituted molecule with end-capping 4-methylphenyl(T-BTTPAM) and 3-octylthienyl substituted molecule with end-capping 4-methoxyphenyl(T-BTTPAOM) showed stronger and broader absorption, as well as higher charge mobilities compared to the molecules without thiophene-linkers(BTTPAM and BTTPAOM). Additionally, changing substitute groups from methyl to methoxy helped BTTPAOM and T-BTTPAOM achieve better absorption properties than BTTPAM and T-BTTPAM, respectively. When paired with PC61BM as the electron acceptor to fabricate solution-processed photovoltaic devices, the four materials gave high open-circuit voltage(Voc) values over 0.90 V. These results demonstrate that our materials are promising candidates as donor materials for organic solar cells(OSCs), and further device optimization is in progress in our laboratory.
KeywordsTriphenylamine Four-armed structure High open-circuit voltage Organic solar cell Small-molecule do-nor
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- Lin Y. C., Lu Y. J., Tsao C. S., Saeki A., Li J. X., Chen C. H., Wang H. C., Chen H. C., Meng D., Wu K. H., Yang Y., Wei K. H., J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, 7, 3027Google Scholar