Mechanical Properties of Silicon Carbon Black Filled Natural Rubber Elastomer

  • Miaomiao Qian
  • Jiayang Sui
  • Xiaofeng Wang
  • Yanchao ZhuEmail author


A pyrolyzed ash containing about 50% carbon, named silicon carbon black(SiCB), was prepared by the anoxic pyrolysis of rice husk. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis(TGA), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller(BET), transmission electron microscopy(TEM) and universal material testing machine were used to analyze the stress-strain relationship, Mullins effect and static viscoelastic properties of SiCB-filled vulcanized natural rubber(NR), and SiCB was compared with a commercially available semi-reinforcing furnace(SRF) carbon black. The results show that the vulcanized natural rubber filled with SiCB had similar reinforcing properties to those of that filled with traditional SRF, but obvious differences between them exist in stress -strain properties and stress softening resistance. We tried to discuss the related phenomena with the aid of the modified two-layer theory. And it is successfully predicted and verified that SiCB has good compression resistance and obvious stress relaxation advantages in compression stress relaxation.


Silicon carbon black Natural rubber Stress-strain relationship Stress relaxation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



The authers thanked to PAN Chao and LYU Qiaochu( Changchun University of Technology) for their help in the early stage of the experiment.


  1. [1]
    Fukahori Y., Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2005, 95(1), 60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Patel M., Karera A., Prasanna P., Joural of Material Science, 1987, 22(7), 24574Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Uzunova S., Uzunov I., Vassilev S., Alexandrova A., Staykov S., Angelova D., Bul. Chemical Communication, 2010, 42(2), 130Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Pande A., Makarande S., International Journal of Engineering Research and Application, 2013, 3(1), 1718Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Ishak Z. A. M., Bakar A. A., European Polymer Journal, 1995, 31(3), 259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Xue B., Jiang Y. S., Yang D. F., Shi X. D., Chem. J. Chinese Universities, 2011, 32(7), 1617Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Haxo H., Mehta P., Rubber Chemistry and Technology, 1975, 48(2), 271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Sae-Oui P., Rakdee C., Thanmathorn P., Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2002, 83(11), 2485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Diani J., Faylle B., Gilormini P., European Polymer Journal, 2009, 45(3), 601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Wang C. C., Zhang Y. F., Liu Q. Q., Wang Z. B., International Polymer Processing, 2017, 32(1), 11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Hu X. L., Micro- and Macro-viscohyperelastic Behavior of Carbon Black Filled Rubber, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan, 2013Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Zhou Y., A Study About the Preparation and Performance of Silica Carbon Black/polymer Composite, Jilin University, Changchun, 2017Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Mullins L., Rubber Chemistry and Technology, 1969, 42(2), 339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Rickaby S. R., Scott N. H., International Journal of Solids and Structures, 2013, 50(1), 111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Webber R. E., Creton C., Brown H. R., Gong J. P., Macromolecules, 2007, 40(8), 2919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Yuan X. H., Zhang Y. X., Zhang Y., Peng Z. L., Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University, 2000, 34(11), 1516Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Wang H., Zhang J. P., Ma Y. S., Wang R. G., He A. H., Chem. J. Chinese Universities, 2017, 38(11), 2095Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Sperling L. H., Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, 4th Ed., Wiley-Interscience Press, New York, 2006, 427Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Bhowmick A. K., Current Topics in Elastomer Research, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2008, 518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Tobolsky A. V., Prettyman L. B., Dillon J. H., Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 1994, 15(4), 380Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Menon A. R. R., Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 1997, 65(11), 2183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Zhou D. P., Technology on Adhesion & Sealing, 1997, 18(2), 1Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Wu G. W., Hsiue G. H., Yang J. S., Materials Chemistry and Physics, 1994, 39(1), 29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Mostafa A., Abouel-Kasem A., Bayoumi M. R., Materials & Design, 2009, 30(7), 2721CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Jilin University, The Editorial Department of Chemical Research in Chinese Universities and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miaomiao Qian
    • 1
  • Jiayang Sui
    • 1
  • Xiaofeng Wang
    • 1
  • Yanchao Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of ChemistryJilin UniversityChangchunP. R. China
  2. 2.Institute for Frontier MaterialsDeakin UniversityGeelong VICAustralia

Personalised recommendations