Improving municipal solid waste compost process by cycle time reduction through inoculation of Aspergillus niger

  • Mohammad Hossein Heidarzadeh
  • Hossein AmaniEmail author
  • Behzad Javadian
Research Article


A lack of understanding about the effect of microorganism inoculation on compost production and relatively expensive downstream processing are the main obstacles towards an economic compost production. Our work tries to fill this gap. For this, influence of inoculation on the composting of organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) to produce compost with higher agronomic value was evaluated. Three similar aerated bioreactors (A, B and C) with the same size and shape in laboratory scale designed. Reactor A was inoculated with the Aspergillus niger IBRC-M 30095, reactor B was inoculated with old compost and reactor C was used as a control. During the composting process temperature, moisture, pH, and electrical conductivity (EC) were evaluated. Also, the ratio of carbon to nitrogen (C/N) and germination index (GI) were measured in during process to evaluate compost maturity. The results of this study showed that the C/Ns decreased to about 63.37%, 59.6% and 46% for bioreactors B, A and control, respectively. Also maximum GI and temperature reached to about 138% and 59 °C in reactor B. Furthermore, our results showed that inoculation with this microorganism reduces process time to 18 days that is better than the results of other researchers and thus results in cost savings. However, we think, Aspergillus niger is appropriate candidate for compost production as a model.

Graphical abstract

Schematic diagram of experimental reactors: Reactor A was inoculated with the Aspergillus Niger IBRC-M 30095, reactor B was inoculated with old compost and reactor C used as a control without inoculation; (1) composting tank; (2) air compressor; (3) gas flow meter; (4) air regulator; (5) thermal probe; (6) exhausted gas; (7) mixer; (8) effluent; (9) moisture content probe; (10) sampling; (11) electric motor; (12) pump.


Compost Inoculation Aspergillus Niger Bioreactor Municipal solid waste 



This research work was financially supported by Babol Noshirvani University of Technology through grant program No.BNUT/370342/97.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Hossein Heidarzadeh
    • 1
  • Hossein Amani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Behzad Javadian
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemical EngineeringBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIran
  2. 2.Faculty of ParamedicalMazandaran University of Medical SciencesAmolIran

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