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Desorption kinetics and isotherms of phenanthrene from contaminated soil

  • Farzaneh Gharibzadeh
  • Roshanak Rezaei KalantaryEmail author
  • Ali Esrafili
  • Masoumeh Ravanipour
  • Ali Azari
Research Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Prediction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) desorption from soil to estimate available fraction regarding to initial concentration of the contaminant is of great important in soil pollution management, which has poorly been understood until now. In the present study estimation of fast desorption fraction which is considered as available fraction was conducted by evaluating desorption kinetics of phenanthrene (a three ring PAH) from artificially contaminated soils through the mathematical models.

Methods

Desorption rate of phenanthrene (PHE) was investigated by using the nonionic surfactant Tween80 in a series of batch experiments. The effects of reaction time from 5 to 1440 min and initial PHE concentration in the range of 100–1600 mg/kg were studied.

Results

Available fractions of the contaminant were achieved within the first hour of desorption process as the system reached to equilibrium conditions. Experimental data were examined by using kinetic models including pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order in four linearized forms, and fractional power. Among the models tested, experimental data were well described by pseudo-second-order model type (III) and (IV) and fractional power equation. Fast desorption rates, as Available fractions were determined 79%, 46%, 40%, 39%, and 35% for initial PHE concentrations of 100, 400, 800, 1200, and 1600 mg/kg respectively. Among the evaluated isotherm models, including Freundlich, Langmuir in four linearized forms, and Temkin, the equilibrium data were well fitted by the first one.

Conclusion

Applying the nonionic surfactant Tween80 is a useful method to determine available fraction of the contaminant. This method will provide the management of contaminated sites by choosing a proper technique for remediation and predicting achievable treatment efficiency.

Keywords

Phenanthrene Desorption Tween 80 Kinetic Isotherm 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research has been supported by Tehran University of Medical Sciences & health Services [grant number 93-02-61-25084].

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farzaneh Gharibzadeh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Roshanak Rezaei Kalantary
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Ali Esrafili
    • 3
    • 4
  • Masoumeh Ravanipour
    • 5
  • Ali Azari
    • 6
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Students’ Scientific Research Center (SSRC)Tehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Research Center for Environmental Health Technology (RCEHT)Iran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Public HealthIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Public HealthBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  6. 6.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of HealthKashan University of Medical SciencesKashanIran

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