Treatment of paper-recycling wastewater by electrocoagulation using aluminum and iron electrodes

  • Ali Izadi
  • Morteza HosseiniEmail author
  • Ghasem Najafpour Darzi
  • Gholamreza Nabi Bidhendi
  • Farshid Pajoum Shariati
Research Article


Treatment of industrial wastewater by electrocoagulation (EC) is one of the most efficient methods to remove pollutants. Paper-recycling wastewater is a complex mixture containing toxic and recalcitrant substances, indicating complexity and difficulty of its treatment. The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of paper-recycling wastewater treatment by EC process using aluminum (Al) and iron (Fe) plate electrodes. Removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), color and ammonia from paper-recycling mill effluent was evaluated at various electrolysis times (10–60 min), voltage (4–13 V) and pH (3.5–11). The optimum process conditions for the maximum removal of COD, TSS, color and ammonia from paper-recycling industry wastewater have been found to be pH value of 7, treatment time of 60 min and voltage of 10 V. Under optimum operating conditions, the removal capacities of COD, TSS, color and ammonia were 79.5%, 83.4%, 98.5% and 85.3%, respectively. It can be concluded that EC could be considered as an effective alternative for treatment of paper-recycling wastewater.


Paper-recycling wastewater Electrocoagulation Aluminum electrode Iron electrode Power consumption 



This study was financially supported by grant No: 950704 of the Biotechnology Development Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors would like to declare that there is no conflict of interest with this research and in the publication.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Izadi
    • 1
  • Morteza Hosseini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ghasem Najafpour Darzi
    • 1
  • Gholamreza Nabi Bidhendi
    • 2
  • Farshid Pajoum Shariati
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIran
  2. 2.Faculty of EnvironmentUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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