Landfill air and odour emissions from an integrated waste management facility

  • Omowonuola Olubukola Sonibare
  • Jamiu Adetayo AdeniranEmail author
  • Ibrahim Sebutu Bello
Research Article


A mixture of gases and obnoxious odours are major components of landfill emission. A dispersion modelling on air pollutants and odour emissions anticipated from a proposed Integrated Waste Management Facility was conducted considering five operating scenarios. Impacts of the predicted ground level concentrations of air pollutants (including carbon monoxide, CO; oxides of nitrogen, NOX; sulphur dioxide, SO2; particulate matter, PM and hydrocarbons, HC) and odour on ambient air quality were investigated using the 10-min 1 OU/m3 odour limit, CH4 Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) and the daily limits of CO, NOx, SO2, PM and HC. The anticipated maximum ground level concentration of emitted odour and CH4 are 0.0040 OU/m3 and 0.0349 ppm, respectively. Simultaneous operations of all the major components of the facility will generate the daily maximum concentrations of 7.34, 2.60, 7.31, 29.72 and 0.42 μg/m3, for CO, NOX, SO2, PM and HC, respectively. Generally, the facility impacts on ambient air quality will be within the acceptable limit.


Dispersion modeling Emission Gaseous pollutants Landfill Waste management 


Compliance with ethical standards

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Family Medicine, General Outpatient Department (GOPD)Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC)Ile-IfeNigeria
  2. 2.Environmental Engineering Research Laboratory, Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of IlorinIlorinNigeria

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