Single Crystal Castability and Undercoolability of PWA1483 Superalloy

  • De-Xin Ma
  • Fu WangEmail author
  • Jian-Zheng Guo
  • Wen-Liang Xu


Both of the single crystal (SX) castability and undercoolability of PWA1383 superalloy were investigated during the directional solidification and isothermal cooling. In all the six SX parts of a casting cluster, no stray grains were found, revealing a defect-free SX structure. This excellent SX castability of the superalloy was attributed to its good undercoolability. The melting point (TL) and the critical nucleation temperature (TN) of the alloy were measured to be 1327 °C and 1306 °C, respectively. The statistic average of the critical nucleation undercooling ΔTN = TL − TN of the alloy was determined to be about 21 K, exhibiting a relatively great capacity to be deeply cooled to a temperature below the melting point without the onset of solidification.


Superalloys Crystal growth Phase transitions 



This work was financially supported by the Shenzhen Peacock Plan (Grant No. 20150128085205453), the Program for Guangdong Introducing Innovative and Entrepreneurial Teams (Grant No. 607264877417), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51505457), the National Science and Technology Major Project (Grant No. 2017-Vll-0008), the Key Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province (Grant No. 2018ZDXM-GY-059) and the National Science and Technology Major Project (No. 2017ZX04014001).


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals (CSM) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • De-Xin Ma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fu Wang
    • 3
    Email author
  • Jian-Zheng Guo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wen-Liang Xu
    • 3
  1. 1.Wedge Central South Research InstituteShenzhenChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Powder MetallurgyCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing System Engineering, School of Mechanical EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

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