The effect of lead on the initial corrosion behavior of 316LN stainless steel has been investigated by U-bend immersion experiments in 4 wt% NaOH solutions at 300 °C. Follow-up studies after soaking were carried out by scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, X-ray photoelectron spectrometer, Auger electron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. The results show that lead affects the properties of the oxide film by changing the thickness and composition, which leads to an increase in the sensitivity of stress corrosion cracking of 316LN stainless steel. Pits and cracks appeared on the surface of 316LN stainless steel under both lead-free and lead-containing conditions. The corrosion products were oxides of Fe, Cr and Ni, and the main spinel structure on the surface of the film was NiCr2O4 under both conditions. However, in the presence of lead, the cracks and pits were more obvious, the thickness of the film increased from 50 to 200 nm, and the amount of protective NiCr2O4 decreased. Lead was concluded to be involved in the dehydration reactions in the form of Pb(OH)2, which affected the normal dehydration process of the hydroxides and inhibited the formation of spinel structures. Because of the above characteristics of lead, the stability of the oxide film and its protection of 316LN stainless steel were reduced.
PbSCC Oxide film 316LN High temperature
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This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program Project No. 2014CB643300) and the Chinese National Natural Science Foundation (Nos. U1260201 and 51471034).
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