Interpenetrated Magnesium–Tricalcium Phosphate Composite: Manufacture, Characterization and In Vitro Degradation Test
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Magnesium and calcium phosphates composites are promising biomaterials to create biodegradable load-bearing implants for bone regeneration. The present investigation is focused on the design of an interpenetrated magnesium–tricalcium phosphate (Mg–TCP) composite and its evaluation under immersion test. In the study, TCP porous preforms were fabricated by robocasting to have a prefect control of porosity and pore size and later infiltrated with pure commercial Mg through current-assisted metal infiltration (CAMI) technique. The microstructure, composition, distribution of phases and degradation of the composite under physiological simulated conditions were analysed by scanning electron microscopy, elemental chemical analysis and X-ray diffraction. The results revealed that robocast TCP preforms were full infiltrated by magnesium through CAMI, even small pores below 2 μm have been filled with Mg, giving to the composite a good interpenetration. The degradation rate of the Mg–TCP composite displays lower value compared to the one of pure Mg during the first 24 h of immersion test.
KeywordsCalcium phosphate Magnesium Liquid metal infiltration Spark plasma sintering Corrosion
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie, and it is co-financed by the South Moravian Region under Grant No. 665860. Authors also acknowledge the project CEITEC 2020 (LQ1601) with financial support from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under the National Sustainability Program II. MCL acknowledges to Brno Ph.D. Talent scholarship founded by the Brno City Municipality. SDT acknowledges to Conacyt Mexico, through the project CB.177700, and COFAA-IPN (SIP project 20144443).
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