Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)

, Volume 28, Issue 10, pp 1257–1263 | Cite as

Effect of Extrusion Strain Path on Microstructure and Properties of AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Sheet

  • Qing-Shan Yang
  • Bin Jiang
  • Zu-Jian Yu
  • Qing-Wei Dai
  • Su-Qin Luo


The mechanical properties of AZ31 magnesium alloy sheets processed by different extrusion strain paths were examined in correlation with concurrent microstructure and texture evolution. The conventional extrusion (CE) and asymmetric extrusion (ASE) paths were performed on Mg alloy sheets. The textures at near surface and mid-layer of ASE sheets were various throughout sheet thickness direction as a result of extra asymmetric shear strain. This can stimulate the orientation of (0002) basal planes to incline approximately 12° toward the shear direction. Moreover, the basal texture of ASE sheet was weakened compared with CE one. Enhancing the ambient formability of extruded Mg alloy sheet fabricated by ASE path was accomplished by the tilted weak basal texture.


Mg alloy Extrusion Microstructure Texture Mechanical property Formability 



This work was financially supported by the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (Nos. 2015M572451 and 2015M572447), Chongqing Science and Technology Commission (Nos. cstc2014fazktjcsf0112, cstc2014jcyjA50019 and cstc2014fazktjcsf50004), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51501025), Foundation of Chongqing Municipal Education Committee (No. KJ1401321) and the Research Foundation of Chongqing University of Science and Technology (Nos. CK2013B13 and CK2014Z21).


  1. [1]
    X.-H. Chen, L.-Z. Liu, J. Liu, F.-S. Pan, Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.) 28, 492 (2015)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    A.A. Luo, J. Magn. Alloys 1, 2 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    D. Sorgente, L.D. Scintilla, G. Palumbo, L. Tricarico, Int. J. Mater. Form. 3, 13 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    R.L. Doiphode, S.V.S. NarayanaMurty, N. Prabhu, B.P. Kashyap, J. Magn. Alloys 1, 169 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    N. Stanford, J. Geng, Y.B. Chun, C.H.J. Davies, J.F. Nie, M.R. Barnett, Acta Mater. 60, 218 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    A. Hadadzadeh, M.A. Wells, J. Magn. Alloys 1, 101 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    M. Nebebe, J. Bohlen, D. Steglich, D. Letzig, Int. J. Mater. Form. 2, 53 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Q.S. Yang, B. Jiang, G.Y. Zhou, J.J. He, F.S. Pan, Mater. Sci. Technol. 30, 227 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    H. Zhang, W. Jin, J. Fan, W. Cheng, H. Jørgen Roven, B. Xu, H. Dong, Mater. Lett. 135, 31 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    H. Zhang, G. Huang, J. Fan, H. Jørgen Roven, F. Pan, B. Xu, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 608, 234 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    D.L. Atwell, M.R. Barnett, W.B. Hutchinson, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 549, 1 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    H. Pan, F. Pan, J. Peng, J. Gou, A. Tang, L. Wu, H. Dong, J. Alloy. Compd. 578, 493 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    D.-H. Hou, S.-M. Liang, R.-S. Chen, C. Dong, E.-H. Han, Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.) 28, 115 (2014)Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    S. Liu, G. Yang, W. Jie, Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.) 27, 1134 (2014)Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    R. Li, F. Pan, B. Jiang, Q. Yang, A. Tang, Mater. Des. 46, 922 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    A.S. Khan, A. Pandey, T. Gnäupel-Herold, R.K. Mishra, Int. J. Plast. 27, 688 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    L.W. Meyer, M. Hockauf, B. Zillmann, I. Schneider, Int. J. Mater. Form. 2, 61 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    S.R. Agnew, J.A. Horton, T.M. Lillo, D.W. Brown, Scr. Mater. 50, 377 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    J.-H. Cho, H.-W. Kim, S.-B. Kang, T.-S. Han, Acta Mater. 59, 5638 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    L. Shang, S. Yue, R. Verma, P. Krajewski, C. Galvani, E. Essadiqi, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 528, 3761 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    W.X. Wu, L. Jin, Z.Y. Zhang, W.J. Ding, J. Dong, J. Alloys Compd. 585, 111 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    L.L. Chang, S.B. Kang, J.H. Cho, Mater. Des. 44, 144 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    W.J. Kim, S.I. Hong, J.M. Lee, S.H. Kim, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 559, 325 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    W.J. Kim, Y.G. Lee, M.J. Lee, J.Y. Wang, Y.B. Park, Scr. Mater. 65, 1105 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    L.L. Chang, Y.N. Wang, X. Zhao, J.C. Huang, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 496, 512 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    B. Song, R. Xin, G. Chen, X. Zhang, Q. Liu, Scr. Mater. 66, 1061 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Y. Wang, S.B. Kang, J. Cho, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 704 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    H. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. Fan, H.J. Roven, W. Cheng, B. Xu, H. Dong, J. Alloys Compd. 615, 687 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    H. Zhang, G. Huang, J. Fan, H.J. Roven, B. Xu, H. Dong, J. Alloys Compd. 615, 302 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Y.H. Ji, J.J. Park, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 499, 14 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    X. Huang, K. Suzuki, Y. Chino, M. Mabuchi, J. Alloys Compd. 537, 80 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    O. Sabokpa, A. Zarei-Hanzaki, H.R. Abedi, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 550, 31 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    D.G. Kim, K.M. Lee, J.S. Lee, Y.O. Yoon, H.T. Son, Mater. Lett. 75, 122 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    J.A. del Valle, F. Carreño, O.A. Ruano, Acta Mater. 54, 4247 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    R. Li, F. Pan, B. Jiang, H. Dong, Q. Yang, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 562, 33 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    X. Huang, K. Suzuki, Y. Chino, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 4854 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    B. Wang, R. Xin, G. Huang, Q. Liu, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 534, 588 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    K. Piao, J.K. Lee, J.H. Kim, H.Y. Kim, K. Chung, F. Barlat, R.H. Wagoner, Int. J. Plast 38, 27 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    L. Lu, T. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, Mater. Charact. 67, 93 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qing-Shan Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bin Jiang
    • 2
  • Zu-Jian Yu
    • 1
  • Qing-Wei Dai
    • 1
  • Su-Qin Luo
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Metallurgy and Material EngineeringChongqing University of Science and TechnologyChongqingChina
  2. 2.Chongqing Academy of Science and TechnologyChongqingChina

Personalised recommendations