Journal of Advanced Ceramics

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 479–488 | Cite as

Porous SiC/melamine-derived carbon foam frameworks with excellent electromagnetic wave absorbing capacity

  • Xinli Ye
  • Zhaofeng ChenEmail author
  • Sufen Ai
  • Bin Hou
  • Junxiong Zhang
  • Xiaohui Liang
  • Qianbo Zhou
  • Hezhou Liu
  • Sheng Cui
Open Access
Research Article


Porous three-dimensional SiC/melamine-derived carbon foam (3D-SiC/MDCF) composite with an original open pore structure was fabricated by the heat treatment of the commercial melamine foam (MF), carbonization of the stable MF, and chemical vapor deposition of the ultra-thin SiC coating. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were employed to detect the microstructure and morphology of the as-prepared composites. The results indicated that the 3D-SiC/MDCF composites with the coating structure were prepared successfully. The obtained minimum reflection loss was -29.50 dB when the frequency and absorption thickness were 11.36 GHz and 1.75 mm, respectively. Further, a novel strategy was put forward to state that the best microwave absorption property with a thin thickness of 1.65 mm was gained, where the minimum reflection loss was -24.51 dB and the frequency bandwidth was 3.08 GHz. The excellent electromagnetic wave absorption ability resulted from the specific cladding structure, which could change the raw dielectric property to acquire excellent impedance matching. This present work had a certain extend reference meaning for the potential applications of the lightweight wave absorption materials with target functionalities.


three-dimensional SiC/melamine-derived carbon foam (3D-SiC/MDCF) chemical vapor deposition coating structure electromagnetic wave absorption characteristic minimum reflection loss 



The present work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51772151 and 51761145103) and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinli Ye
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhaofeng Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sufen Ai
    • 3
  • Bin Hou
    • 4
  • Junxiong Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiaohui Liang
    • 1
  • Qianbo Zhou
    • 1
  • Hezhou Liu
    • 5
  • Sheng Cui
    • 6
  1. 1.International Laboratory for Insulation and Energy Efficiency Materials, College of Materials Science and TechnologyNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  2. 2.Suzhou Superlong Aviation Heat Resistance Material Technology Co., Ltd.SuzhouChina
  3. 3.Beijing SpacecraftsChina Academy of Space TechnologyBeijingChina
  4. 4.Department of Reactor EngineeringChina Institute of Atomic EnergyBeijingChina
  5. 5.The State Key Lab of Metal Matrix CompositesShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  6. 6.Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Inorganic Function CompositesNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingChina

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