Journal of Advanced Ceramics

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 110–129 | Cite as

Some recent studies on glass/glass-ceramics for use as sealants with special emphasis for high temperature applications

  • G. P. Kothiyal
  • Madhumita Goswami
  • Babita Tiwari
  • Kuldeep Sharma
  • A. Ananthanarayanan
  • Lionel Montagne
Open Access
Review

Abstract

Glass-ceramics owing to a combination of useful properties such as tuneable thermal expansion coefficient (TEC), good mechanical durability and chemical inertness find widespread uses in a variety of applications including seals and coatings. Glass-ceramic-to-metal seals have been fabricated with various silicate, phosphate and borate based oxide glasses depending upon the intended application. In this article, we review our studies on various glass and glass-ceramics materials development with a view to understand bonding behaviour with metals/alloys at ambient and high temperatures through a comprehensive structure property correlation investigations. Detail studies on BaO-CaO-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 (BCABS), barium strontium alumino-silicate, and strontium alumino-silicate with different additives (like Nd2O3, La2O3, NiO, TiO2, V2O5, ZrO2, Cr2O3, and P2O5) and barium/strontiun zinc silicate (B/SZS) glass-ceramics for high temperature sealing. We shall illustrate the role of various thermo-physical and structural characterization techniques that allowed optimum selection of materials and processing parameters. We particularly highlight the complementary role of NMR and XRD in studying the material at the short range and long range length scales.

Key words

crystallization sintering glass-ceramics solid oxide fuel cells NMR 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. P. Kothiyal
    • 1
  • Madhumita Goswami
    • 1
  • Babita Tiwari
    • 2
  • Kuldeep Sharma
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. Ananthanarayanan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lionel Montagne
    • 3
  1. 1.Glass and Advanced Ceramics DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Technical Physics DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.UCCS — Unité de Catalyse et Chimie du Solide — UMR CNRS 8181, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Lille, Université des Sciences et Technologies de LilleUniversité Lille Nord de FranceVilleneuve d’ AscqCedexFrance

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