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Neuroplasticity in Brain Injury: Maximizing Recovery

  • Neil JaseyEmail author
  • Irene Ward
Brain Injury Medicine and Rehabilitation (G Galang, Section Editor)
  • 76 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Brain Injury Medicine and Rehabilitation

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The ability to promote greater neuroplasticity through external influencers is an emerging field of study with potentially significant consequences on the treatment of neurologic injury. Several of these methods are reviewed in this paper.

Recent Findings

Through advances in neuroscience, a clearer understanding of the complexity of the brain’s interconnectedness and its ability to adapt to the environment is leading to neurorehabilitation treatments that augment the brain’s capacity towards neuroplastic change.

Summary

An increased appreciation and recognition of neuroplasticity has led to novel approaches to promote neurorecovery that increase stimulation and the release of neutrophic factors. Some of these interventions include the use of pharmacologic agents, noninvasive stimulation, mirror therapy, aerobic and task-specific exercise, and the maximization of sleep. Future research will continue to build upon this foundation by continuing to pair therapeutic interventions with rehabilitation to enhance the brain’s natural healing power and improve functional outcomes.

Keywords

Neuroplasticity Neural plasticity Neurorecovery Rehabilitation Brain injury 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Neil Jasey and Irene Ward declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kessler Institute for RehabiliationWest OrangeUSA
  2. 2.Rutgers-New Jeresy Medical SchoolNewarkUSA

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