Current Anesthesiology Reports

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 110–115 | Cite as

Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Neurocognitive Consequences

  • Arvind ChandrakantanEmail author
  • Adam Adler
Pediatric Anesthesia (J Lerman, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Pediatric Anesthesia


Purpose of Review

This review seeks to highlight the issue of when the best time to operate is given the neurocognitive consequences of pediatric OSA.

Recent Findings

Learning and memory deficits persist after adenotonsillectomy in school age children with the disease at 9-month follow-up, suggesting short-term damage to the hippocampus in young children with OSA.


Larger trials with younger children with pediatric OSA are currently ongoing to evaluate the impact of adenotonsillectomy on learning and memory recovery.


Obstructive sleep apnea Hypoxia ADHD Neurogenesis Hippocampus 



The authors thank Dr. B. Lee Ligon, Center for Research, Innovation and Scholarship, Department of Pediatrics, BCM, for editorial assistance.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Arvind Chandrakantan and Adam Adler declare they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anesthesiology & PediatricsTexas Children’s Hospital/Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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