Organization of Multidisciplinary Cancer Care for the Surgical Patient: Role of Anesthesiologists
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Purpose of Review
The purpose of this review is to describe significant recent trends or developments regarding the role of anesthesiologists in a multidisciplinary team approach to cancer care for the surgical patient. We also discuss our own institutional multidisciplinary approach as a comprehensive cancer center with high surgical volume.
Beyond the multidisciplinary team meeting concept, and local, institution-specific, or national programs, more formalized concepts and models of perioperative care have evolved. These provide a framework for robust involvement of anesthesiologists in cancer care for the surgical patient, with the goal of allowing for optimal individualized cancer outcomes.
Because of the wide-ranging nature of their perioperative expertise, anesthesiologists play an important role in multidisciplinary team cancer care for surgical patients. This role has been seen in the recent trends toward clinical models, such as the perioperative surgical home and enhanced recovery programs. Areas for future research include multidisciplinary assessment of the impact of such models on perioperative cancer outcomes through integration of data from national outcomes groups.
KeywordsMultidisciplinary team Anesthesiologist Perioperative Cancer Care Cancer outcomes Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Perioperative Surgical Home
This research was funded in part through the NIH/NCI Cancer Center Support Grant P30 CA008748.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Elizabeth F. Rieth, Gregory W. Fischer, and Anoushka M. Afonso declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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