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EMS Disease Exposure, Transmission, and Prevention: a Review Article

  • Colton Bitely
  • Brian Miller
  • Jonathan GlauserEmail author
Infectious Disease (J Glauser, Section Editor)
  • 3 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Infectious Disease

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This article aims to review recent literature regarding the risks of disease exposure to pre-hospital providers and the patients they serve, as well as the challenges they face in minimizing transmission and exposure.

Recent Findings

Many studies continue to show poor compliance with consistent universal precautions, as well as proper hand hygiene. Vaccination rates are suboptimal despite attempts to encourage compliance. With the spread of multi-drug resistant organisms, new techniques of decontamination need to be investigated.

Summary

There remains a general lack of information and studies regarding the risks of disease exposure and transmission to EMS providers despite the significance hazards their profession can pose. However, there remains a continued theme throughout the majority of EMS and pre-hospital studies, demonstrating that hand washing and consistent use of personal protective equipment remains a persistent, preventable means of disease exposure and transmission.

Keywords

Emergency medical services Exposure Transmission PPE Contamination Decontamination Infectious disease 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Dr. Thomas Collins for reviewing their article.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Colton Bitely, Brian Miller, and Jonathan Glauser declare no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineMetroHealth Medical SystemClevelandUSA

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