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Ossiculoplasty for Tympanosclerosis

  • Matthew M. DedmonEmail author
  • Brendan P. O’Connell
  • Alejandro Rivas
Ossicular Chain Reconstruction (A Rivas and N Manzoor, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Ossicular Chain Reconstruction

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The utility of surgery for tympanosclerosis has been a controversial topic among otologic surgeons for many decades. Knowing the variations in tympanosclerotic involvement, different aspects of surgical technique, and audiologic outcomes data can help inform the discussion of optimal management between surgeon and patient.

Recent Findings

Tympanosclerosis can involve all structures in the middle ear, and the distribution of that involvement determines the likelihood of surgical success in hearing improvement. Most recent studies indicate that having a mobile stapes is a key prognostic factor and increases the chance of meaningful hearing improvement following surgery. Stapes surgery for tympanosclerosis can also be successful, but results are more variable.

Summary

Tympanosclerosis is a challenging condition to treat, and the decision regarding surgical management should be thoughtful and carefully weighed against benefits obtained from amplification alone.

Keywords

Tympanosclerosis Ossiculoplasty Ossicular chain reconstruction Stapedectomy Conductive hearing loss 

Notes

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Matthew M. Dedmon and Brendan P. O’Connell declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Alejandro Rivas reports being a consultant for Grace Medical, Stryker, Cook Medical, Cochlear Corp., Advanced Bionics, and Med-el.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew M. Dedmon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Brendan P. O’Connell
    • 1
  • Alejandro Rivas
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck SurgeryVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA

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