Characterization of the Dysfunctional Lens Syndrome and a Review of the Literature
Purpose of the Review
To characterize the dysfunctional lens syndrome and review the literature on the topic.
Diagnostic devices may be used to objectively evaluate the aging changes of the crystalline lens in order to better characterize the entity. Opportunities exist for future evaluation of this emerging concept.
The term dysfunctional lens syndrome is gaining acceptance in our field. Objective diagnostic evaluation of aging crystalline lenses has been demonstrated to be useful in identification and characterization of the dysfunctional lens.
KeywordsDysfunctional lens syndrome Presbyopia Scatter Lens opacity Aberrations Vision correction
Supported by an unrestricted grant to MUSC-SEI from Research to Prevent Blindness, Inc., New York, NY.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
George O. Waring IV reports that he is an equity owner and medical advisory board member for Vis iometrics and a consultant for Oculus.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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