Vertebroplasty in Elderly Patients: A Clinical Effectiveness Analysis
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Purpose of Review
Minimally invasive vertebral augmentation procedures (VAP) have been first introduced to provide pain relief in patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VF). However, in the last decade scientific literature revealed to be quite controversial about their efficacy. The aim of this review was to analyze clinical evidences from current literature, supported by our own experience.
Compared to conservative therapies, VAP represent an effective treatment for recent VF and, in elderly patients, reduce mortality and morbidity. Advances in technology have widened the fields of application towards other spine pathologies typical of elderly, such as primary and metastatic tumors.
In patients with severe pain for recent or un-healed vertebral fracture, VAP are clinically more effective than conservative treatment. Accurate pain assessment and pre-procedural Magnetic Resonance Imaging are highly recommended to obtain optimal patient selection and best treatment results.
KeywordsPercutaneous vertebroplasty Kyphoplasty Vertebral augmentation procedures Vertebral fractures Mini-invasive treatment Aging spine Vertebral fractures management
Compliance with Ethical Guidelines
Conflict of interest
Michelangelo Nasuto, Michele Falcone, Vincenzo Strizzi, Lucia Florio, Walter Lauriola, Giovanni Ciccarese, and Francesco Florio each declare no potential conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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