CT Imaging of Cardiac Trauma
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Cardiac injury can occur in the setting of blunt and penetrating trauma resulting in significantly adverse clinical outcomes. While the clinical presentation is variable and computed tomographic (CT) imaging is rarely performed to specifically evaluate for cardiac injury, the ability to recognize the findings of cardiac injury on CT examinations performed for thoracic trauma is essential to avoid misdiagnosis and direct potentially life-saving intervention. This article reviews the direct and indirect CT findings of cardiac injury.
KeywordsCardiac trauma Blunt cardiac injury Penetrating cardiac injury Myocardial contusion Myocardial rupture
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Conflict of interest
Demetrios A. Raptis, Sanjeev Bhalla, and Constantine A. Raptis each declare no potential conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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