Study on Tuft Withdrawal Force and Compressibility of Hand-Tufted Carpet

  • Moumita BeraEmail author
Original Contribution


Carpets are mostly used for floor coverings. Ninety per cent of the carpet constructed is tufted carpet (Crawshaw in Carpet manufacture, WRONZ Developments, Christchurch, 2002). The present study aims to analyse the effect of fineness of pile yarn and number of ply of pile yarn on tuft withdrawal force and compression behaviour of hand-tufted carpet. Nine different types of hand-tufted carpets were prepared by varying the above-mentioned variables. Samples were analysed in terms of their physical and structural parameters as well as thickness loss, compression percentage and tuft withdrawal force. It has been observed that more tuft withdrawal force is required for coarser pile yarn and more number of ply of pile yarn. Compression percentage decreases as the number of ply of pile yarn increases. Compression percentage also increases as the yarn becomes finer. But thickness loss increases as the yarn becomes finer, and the same decreases as the number of ply of pile yarn increases. Analysis of variance shows that number of ply of pile yarn and fineness of pile yarn are both significant parameters to control the compressibility and tuft withdrawal force.


Compressibility Hand-tufted carpet Hand tufting gun Tuft withdrawal force 



This study was supported by Office of Development Commissioner (Handicrafts), Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India, New Delhi, vide sanction letter J-12012/153/2015-16/DS/CR (Intg)(SC)(2), dated 18/05/2015.


  1. 1.
    G.H. Crawshaw, Carpet Manufacture, 1st edn. (Wronz Developments, Christchurch, 2002), pp. 22–23Google Scholar
  2. 2. Accessed 7 Nov 2016
  3. 3.
    A. Cascio, Development of next generation carpet backings for facile recyclability, Master of Science Thesis in School of Polymer, Textile and Fiber Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, U.S.A, 2006. Accessed 10 Dec 16
  4. 4.
    E. Koc, N. Celik, M. Tekin, Fibres Text. East. Eur. 4(52), 56–62 (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Dayiarya, S.S. Najara, M. Shamsib, J. Text. I 101(6), 488–494 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Özdil, F. Bozdoğan, G. Özçelik Kayseri, G.S. Mengüç, Tekst Konfeksiyon 3, 203–221 (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Önder, Ö.B. Berkalp, Text. Res. J. 549, 71 (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. Dubinskaite, L.V. Langenhove, R. Milasius, Fibres Text. East. Eur. 16(3), 47–50 (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S.M. Tabatabaei, M. Ghane, A. Zeinal Hamadani, H. Hasani, Fiber Polym. 15(9), 1977–1984 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S.K. Gupta, A. Majumdar, K.K. Goswami, Indian J. Fibre Text. 399–406, 42 (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. Celik, E. Koc, Fibres Text. East. Eur. 18(1), 54–59 (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    P.C. Patni, R.K. Arora, R.S. Dhillon, D.L. Bapna, Indian J. Fibre Text. 189–193, 21 (1996)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    IS:5884: 1993: Textile floor covering—Tufted carpets by Bureau of Indian StandardsGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
    Hİ. Çelik, J. Eng. Fiber Fabr. 12(1), 1–11 (2017)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R.K. Arora, P.C. Patni, R.S. Dhillon, D.L. Bapna, Indian J. Fibre Text. 111–114, 24 (1999)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Liu, A.P. Maher, J. Lappage, E.J. Wood, J. Text. I 93(3), 276–282 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    K.K. Goswami, Advances Carpet Manufacture, 1st edn. (Woodhead Publishing Limited, USA, 2009), p. 95CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Carpet TechnologyBhadohiIndia

Personalised recommendations