Advertisement

Laboratory Investigation to Assess Spontaneous Combustion/Fire During Extraction of Thick Coal Seam

  • Niroj K. MohalikEmail author
  • Debashish Mishra
  • Santosh K. Ray
  • Nikhil K. Varma
  • Asfar M. Khan
  • Nageshwar Sahay
Original Contribution

Abstract

Spontaneous combustion/fire and explosions occurring in the goaf area due to depillaring of thick coal seam (5–8 m) experiences significant loss to the mining industry. This ultimately causes destruction of natural resources and fatal accidents in India. Thus, it is threatening the safety of underground coal mines. This paper includes various laboratory studies to determine the cause of spontaneous combustion/fire during depillaring of panels in thick coal seams. The laboratory investigation comprises of proximate analysis, critical oxidation temperature study, differential scanning calorimetric analysis, fire ladder study, and goaf ignition temperature. The field investigation comprises of hygrometric survey to determine moisture loss and ventilation survey of the working seam to reveal that the goaf of the working panel is highly prone to spontaneous combustion/fire. The results of the above studies will help to develop suitable technique, i.e., partial stowing in goaf areas with the application of water mist spraying to prevent spontaneous combustion/fire during depillaring of thick coal seam. The above studies were carried out during depillaring panels (B2A and B2B) of a thick seam (5.4 m) at Khottadih Colliery, M/s Eastern Coalfields Limited of Raniganj coalfield of India.

Keywords

Spontaneous combustion Thick coal seam Critical oxidation temperature Differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) study Fire ladder 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    J. Pandey, D. Kumar, V.K. Singh et al., Environmental and socio-economic impacts of fire in Jharia coalfield Jharkhand, India: an appraisal. Curr. Sci. 110, 1 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Wang, B.Z. Dlugogorski, E.M. Kennedy, Coal oxidation at low temperatures; oxygen consumption, oxidation products, reaction mechanisms and kinetic modelling. Prog. Energy. Combust. Sci. 29, 487–513 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. Beamish, R. Beamish, Benchmarking moist coal adiabatic oven testing. in 14th United States/North American Mine Ventilation Symposium—Calizaya and Nelson, (University of Utah, Department of Mining Engineering, USA, 2012), pp. 423–427Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B.B. Beamish, D.G. Blazak, Relationship between ash content and R70 self-heating rate of Callide coal. Int. J. Coal Geol. 64(1–2), 126–132 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. Sahay, N.K. Varma, I. Ahmad et al., Critical temperature-an approach to define proneness of coal towards spontaneous heating. J. Mines Metals Fuels 55(10, 11), 510–516 (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. NSW, Spontaneous Combustion Management—Technical Reference. MDG 1006, (Mine Safety Operations Branch Industry and Investment. NSW, 2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    N.K. Mohalik, E. Lester, I.S. Lowndes, Fire ladder study to assess spontaneous combustion propensity of Indian coal. in 11th International Mining Ventilation Congress, China (2018), pp. 629–641Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N.K. Mohalik, E. Lester, I.S. Lowndes, Development a modified crossing point temperature (CPTHR) method to assess spontaneous combustion propensity of coal and its chemo-metric analysis. J. Loss Prev. Process Ind. 56, 359–369 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R.I. Moraru, G.B. Babut, L.I. Cioca et al., Spontaneous combustion risk analysis in subsurface environments: carbon monoxide data processing tool. Env. Eng. Manag. J. 16(6), 6 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. Tomescu, M. Prodan, N. Vatavu et al., Monitoring the work environment using thermal imaging cameras in order to prevent the self-ignition of coal. Env. Eng. Manag. J. 16(6), 5 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Jitendra Pandey, R.K.Mishra Kumar et al., Application of thermography technique for assessment and monitoring of coal mine fire: a special reference to Jharia Coal Field, Jharkhand, India. Int. J. Adv. Remote Sens. GIS 2(1), 138–147 (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    N.K. Mohalik, A.M. Khan, S.K. Ray et al., Application of CFD techniques to assess spontaneous heating/fire during extraction of thick coal seam using blasting gallery (BG) method. Combust. Sci. Technol. (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1080/00102202.2019.1624540 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. Yuan, A.C. Smith, The effect of ventilation on spontaneous heating of coal. J. Loss Prev. Process Ind. 25(1), 131–137 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    N.K. Mohalik, E. Lester, I.S. Lowndes, Review of experimental methods to determine spontaneous combustion susceptibility of coal—Indian context. Int. J. Min. Reclam. Env. 31(5), 301–332 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.C. Kurnia, P. Xu, A.P. Sasmito, A novel concept of enhanced gas recovery strategy from ventilation air methane in underground coal mines—a computational investigation. J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng. Part A 35, 661–672 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Wang, J. Xie, S. Xue et al., Mining a coal seam below a heating goaf with a force auxiliary ventilation system at Longhua underground coal mine, China. Int. J. Min. Sci. Technol. 25(1), 67–72 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Q. Zeng, Y. Pu, Z. Cao, Kinetics of oxidation and spontaneous combustion of major super-thick coal seam in Eastern Junggar Coalfield, Xinjiang, China. J. Loss Prev. Process Ind. 56, 128–136 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    W.C. Peters, Exploration and mining geology (Wiley, New York, 1978), pp. 416–425. ISBN-10: 0471682616 Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M.J. McPherson, The adiabatic compression of air by large falls of roof, SME. in 7th U.S. Symposium on Mine Ventilation, (Lexington, Kentucky, 1995), pp. 257–262Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    W. Lin, The ignition of methane and coal dust by air compression—the experimental proof, Master of Science in Mining Engineering, vol. Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1997Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    N. Sahay, S. Mondal, N.K. Mohalik et al., Safe liquidation of thick coal seam in Raniganj coalfield against spontaneous combustion/fire (NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries, New Delhi, 2017), pp. 537–548. ISBN 978-93-85926-40-2 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CSIR-CIMFR)DhanbadIndia

Personalised recommendations