Dynamic Compensation of Acoustic Resonance for Water Flow System

  • M. SaravanabalajiEmail author
  • N. Sivakumaran
  • S. Sankarnaraynan
Original Contribution


In a fluid transportation method, the hydraulic acoustic resonance is one in all the fluid dynamics parameters that cause the instability within the flow. The water pulsations flow made by an external force has driven system that is introduced by the drive excitation that generates the noise within the method. This development is understood to be acoustic resonance, and this can occur often that ends up in cavity downside and severe damages. The high magnitude resonance could be a result of the mass of exchange between pumped-up water and also the water discharged with hydraulic pressure. The amplitude of the vibration depends on the pump speed. The speed variation on the pump develops the structural vibration and structural failure. The variable-speed pump has severe vibration issues. The acoustic resonance vibration happens once the pump drives the high energy suction that may generate the undulation within the closed channel pipe. To avoid such severe issues, the acoustic resonance is to be monitored. In this paper, a technique is projected to measure the acoustic resonance by exploitation of the vibration detector for various valve gap values. The Variable Frequency speed (VFD) drives is introduced to operating the pump with constant speed so as that the vibration are reduced.


Acoustic resonance Vibration VFD Flow rate Pump Speed 



  1. 1.
    Y. Gao, Y. Liu, Y. Ma, X. Cheng, J. Yang, Application of the differentiation process into the correlation based leak detection in urban pipeline networks. J. Mech. Syst. Process. Mech. Syst. Signal Process. 112(2018), 251–264 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. Wang, T.L. Jiang, H.L. Dai, Q. Ni, Three-dimensional vortex-induced vibrations of supported pipes conveying fluid based on wake oscillator models. J. Sound Vib. 422, 590–612 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Srinil, B. Ma, L. Zhang, Experimental investigation on in-plane/out-of-plane vortex-induced vibrations of curved cylinder in parallel and perpendicular flows. J. Sound Vib. 421, 275–299 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Saretta, A.P. Camargo, T.A. Botrel, J.A. Frizzone, R. Koech, B. Molle, Test methods for characterising the water distribution from irrigation sprinklers: design, evaluation and uncertainty analysis of an automated system. Bio Syst. Eng. 169, 42–56 (2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. Yang, Z. Ai, X. Zhang, X. Chang, R. Gou, Nonlinear dynamics of three-dimensional vortex-induced vibration prediction model for a flexible fluid-conveying pipe. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 138–139(2018), 99–109 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    F.C.L. Almeida, M.J. Brennan, P.F. Joseph, Y. Gao, A.T. Paschoalini, The effects of resonances on time delay estimation for water leak detection in plastic pipes. J. Sound Vib. 420, 315–329 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Gao, M.J. Brennan, Y. Liu, F.C.L. Almeida, P.F. Joseph, Improving the shape of the cross-correlation function for leak detection in a plastic water distribution pipe using acoustic signals. J. Appl. Acoust. 127, 24–33 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Q. Ni, Y. Luo, M. Li, H. Yan, Natural frequency and stability analysis of a pipe conveying fluid with axially moving supports immersed in fluid. J. Sound Vib. 403, 173–189 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.E. Kiziroglou, D.E. Boyle, S.W. Wright, E.M. Yeatman, Acoustic power delivery to pipeline monitoring wireless sensors. Ultrasonics 77(2017), 54–60 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.D. Butterfield, A. Krynkin, R.P. Collins, S.B.M. Beck, Experimental investigation into vibro-acoustic emission signal processing techniques to quantify leak flow rate in plastic water Distribution pipes. Appl. Acoust. 119(2017), 146–155 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Z. Tianyi, Z. Jili, M. Liangdong, On-line optimization control method based on extreme value analysis for parallel variable-frequency hydraulic pumps in central air-conditioning systems. Build. Environ. 47, 330–338 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Mostafapour, S. Davoodi, Theoretical and experimental study on acoustic signals caused by Leakage in buried gas-filled pipe. Appl. Acoust. 87(2015), 1–8 (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Gustafson, Mathematical modelling and solutions to Flow Acoustical problems, Master’s Thesis in the Master’s programme in Sound and Vibration, Division of Applied Acoustics Vibroacoustics Group Chalmers University of Technology Göteborg, Sweden, Dec (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Instrumentation EngineeringKumaraguru College of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Instrumentation Control EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirapalliIndia

Personalised recommendations