Advertisement

Development of a Variable-Diameter Cage Wheel for Walking Tractor and Its Performance Evaluation in Soil Bin (Simulating Wetland)

  • Hifjur RahemanEmail author
  • Epari Snigdharani
Original Contribution
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Cage wheel is commonly used with walking tractors, but its diameter suitable for getting maximum tractive performance needs to be studied. Hence, an open-lug-type variable-diameter cage wheel to fit with a walking tractor was designed using SOLIDWORKS 2016 software. After verifying its dimensions by using finite element analysis, an actual wheel was fabricated with provision to vary its diameter from 620 to 710 mm using a manually operated hydraulic jack. Its performance in terms of tractive efficiency (TE) and net traction ratio (NTR) was evaluated in the soil bin under flooded condition at a normal load of 145 kg and forward speed of 1 km/h by varying the pull and diameter. The input torque and pull were measured with a torque transducer and a load cell, respectively. The NTR was found to increase with the increase in wheel slip until it reached a maximum value at around 45% slip. With the increase in diameter of wheel from 620 to 710 mm, both drawbar pull and TE were increased by 48–75% and 40–64%, respectively, at wheel slip of 20–40%. Both diameter and slip of wheel were found to have significant effect on NTE and TE.

Keywords

Cage wheel diameter Finite element analysis Wheel slip Net traction ratio Tractive efficiency 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    R.S. Singh, S. Singh, S.P. Singh, Farm power and machinery availability on indian farms. Agric. Eng. Today 39(1), 45–56 (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Verma, Development and testing of retractive lugged cage wheels. M. Eng., Thesis No. AE-84–12. (Unpublished), Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand (1984)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Pandey, T. Ojha, Effect of design parameters on the performance of rigid traction wheels on saturated soils. J. Terrramech. 15(3), 145–156 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Jayasundera, Study of factors affecting the design of fiat lugged cage wheels in paddy soils. M. Eng., Thesis No. 80-15 (Unpublished), Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand (1980)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V.M. Salokhe, D. Gee-Clough, Harjono, Pull and lift forces on multiple cage wheel lugs when operating in wet clay soil. Soil Tillage Res. 17, 1–13 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Watyotha, V.M. Salokhe, Tractive performance of cage wheels with opposing circumferential lugs. J. Agric. Eng. Res. 79(4), 389–398 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.H. Taylor, G.V. Berg, I.F. Reed, Effect of diameter on performance of powered tractor wheels. Trans. ASAE 10(6), 838–0842 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. Gasparetto, P. Febo, D. Pessina, E. Rizzato, The rolling resistance of narrow steel wheels in Italian paddy fields. J. Agric. Eng. Res. 52, 91–100 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Wu, K. Kim, U.B.H. Chong, J. Piao, Effectiveness of a cage wheel as a traction aid. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng. 47(4), 973–980 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A.C. Ratnaweera, N.N. Rajapakse, C.J. Ranasinghe, T.M.S. Thennakoon, R.S. Kumara, C.P. Balasooriya, M.A. Bandara, Design of power weeder for low land paddy cultivation, in Proceedings of International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment (ICSBE), Kandy (2010), pp. 468–475Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L.L. Bashford, S. Al-Hamed, C. Jenane, Effects of tire size and inflation pressure on tractive performance. Appl. Eng. Agric. 9(4), 343–348 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R.G. William, G.E. Vanden Berg, Soil Dynamics in Tillage and Traction (Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, U.S. Govt., Washington, DC, 1968)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agricultural and Food Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia

Personalised recommendations