A Study on Elastic Deformation Behavior of Steel Fiber-Reinforced Concrete for Pavements
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The present study discusses the experimental investigation of steel fiber-reinforced concrete slabs on ground under wheel load with the objective of understanding the stress behavior when subjected to central and edge wheel loading. The steel fiber-reinforced fly ash concrete slabs of 900 mm × 900 mm, 150 mm thickness were investigated in this study. Strain gauges and data acquisition system were used to measure the strains at the center and the edge of the slab under the action of the load. The load versus strain relationship under central and edge loading for reference concrete and steel fiber fly ash concrete showed a linear variation even up to the pressure of 2.5 MPa, which is much beyond the conventional tyre inflation pressure of 0.8 MPa. The load versus strain graphs clearly signify the higher modulus of elasticity of fly ash steel fiber-reinforced concrete. The stresses were calculated using IITRIGID software and ANSYS software and were found matching significantly. The value of modulus of elasticity of fly ash steel fiber-reinforced concrete (FS) using ANSYS model for experimental values of load and strains measured was approximated to 34,000 N/mm2 and was found to closely match with the experimentally obtained modulus of elasticity. No significant effect of Poisson’s ratio of concrete on load–strain characteristics was observed within the range 0.15–0.2 of concrete.
KeywordsSteel fiber-reinforced concrete Elastic deformation Load–strain behavior Eco-friendly concrete Rigid pavements
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