Immunochemical Identification of Immunoreactive Ghrelin in Tea Plant, Camellia sinensis (L) O. Kuntze
- 106 Downloads
Ghrelin was originally described as a growth hormone (GH)-releasing and appetite stimulating hormone in mammals, which is highly conserved and extensively expressed in all eukaryotic organisms investigated. Ghrelin is a natural ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue-receptor, and functions primarily as a GH-releasing hormone and an orexigen, as well as having several other biological actions. Although ghrelin has been well characterized in mammalian systems, the most recent investigations demonstrated that plants have ghrelin immunoreactivity. The aim in this study is to determine ghrelin-like immunoreactive substances in fresh vegetative tissue of tea plant [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze (Theaceae)]. Total protein was extracted from the plant samples by using trichloroacetic acid/acetone precipitation. Ghrelin-like immunoreactive substances in the tea plant extracts were investigated with indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. From the tea plant samples human-ghrelin-like immunoreactive substances were isolated and characterized using tricine-sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting techniques. The ghrelin immunoreactivity of tea extract and human serum were found to be 1.94 ± 0.27 and 0.31 ± 0.012 ng/mg protein, respectively. As a result, in fresh vegetative tissues of tea a single ghrelin-like protein band with a molecular mass of ~13 kDa was observed using tricine-SDS-PAGE and western blotting. This study reflects the importance of ghrelin in living organisms, and speculates the ghrelin-like bioactive peptides derived from plants may play a role in the regulation of appetite and body weight control.
KeywordsTea Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze Ghrelin-like immunoreactive substances Tricine-sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis Western blotting Appetite regulation Bioactive peptides
The authors are grateful to Suleyman Demirel University Fund (Project No: 3750-YL2-13) for the financial support of this work.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
There is no conflict of interest to declare.
- 6.Howard AD, Feighner SD, Cully DF, Arena JP, Liberator PA, Rosenblum CI, Hamelin M, Hreniuk DL, Palyha OC, Anderson J, Paress PS, Diaz C, Chou M, Liu KK, McKee KK, Pong SS, Chaung LY, Elbrecht Dashkevicz M, Heavens R, Rigby M, Sirinathsinghji DJS, Dean DC, Melillo DG, Patchett AA, Nargund R, Griffin JA, DeMartino JA, Gupta SK, Schaeffer JM, Smith RG, Van der Ploeg LHT (1996) A receptor in pituitary and hypothalamus that functions in growth hormone release. Science 273:974–977CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 10.Yang L, Yang W, Zhao Y, Qian J, Wang Z (2005) Chemical synthesis and prokaryotic expression of ghrelin of pig. Chin J Vet Sci 25:614–626Google Scholar
- 29.Prudom C, Liu J, Patrie J, Gaylinn BD, Foster-Schubert KE, Cummings DE, Thorner MO, Geysen HM (2010) Comparison of competitive radioimmunoassays and two-site sandwich assays for the measurement and interpretation of plasma ghrelin levels. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:2351–2358CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 30.Budak K, Calapoğlu M, Çiçek E, Temizyürek İ (2014) Determination of ghrelin-like immunoreactive subtances in some routinely consumed plants affecting appetite. Cell Membr Free Rad Res 6:140Google Scholar