Advertisement

Quantitative Ethnobotanical Approach to Analyze Local Importance of Tree Species in North Western Himalaya: A Case Study of Ponda Watershed, J&K

  • Junaid Ahmed
  • Sanjay Sharma
  • Dalip Kumar
Research Article
  • 65 Downloads

Abstract

The present study has been carried out in the Ponda watershed of district Rajouri (J&K), northwestern Himalaya to analyze local importance of tree species by quantitative ethnobotanical approach and their status of availability in the study area. Data was analyzed using relative frequency of citation (RFC) and use value (UV) index along with Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients. A total of 34 tree species were encountered represented by 31 genera and 22 families. All identified tree species were classified into 10 general use categories. As per indigenous use, 27 tree species are exploited for firewood followed by 15 for fodder, 12 each for fruits and making agriculture tools whereas very few tree species are being utilized by local people for various other uses. The UV and RFC of different tree species ranged from 0.02 to 0.12 and 0.04 to 0.80, respectively. The Pearson correlation coefficient was found to be higher (0.60) than the Spearman’s rank correlation (0.54), which reflects high linear relationship as compared to monotonic relationship between RFC and UV. The present study showed that Pinus roxburghii was an abundant species, whereas 3 tree species, i.e. Juglans regia, Ficus religiosa and Ulmus wallichiana were observed to be rare. However, according to the IUCN conservation status of the various trees observed in the study area, Juglans regia and Ulmus wallichiana are near threatened and vulnerable species, respectively, which are also exploited for their multiple uses by the locals.

Keywords

Correlation coefficient Conservation status Use value Ethnobotany 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Head Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Jammu, India for providing necessary facilities and thanks are due to the local informants who provided their valuable information.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Husen A (2013) Growth characteristics, biomass and chlorophyll fluorescence variation of Garhwal Himalaya’s fodder and fuel wood tree species at the nursery stage. Open J For 3:12–16Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rashid A, Anand VK, Serwar J (2008) Less known wild plants used by Gujjar tribe of district Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir state-India. Int J Bot 4:219–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kala CP (2007) Local preference of Ethanobotanical use of species in the Indian Himalaya: implication for environmental conservation. Curr Sci 92:1828–1834Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nautiyal S, Rao KS, Maikhuri RK, Semwal RL, Saxena KG (2000) Traditional knowledge related to medicinal and aromatic plants in tribal societies in a part of Himalaya. J Med Aromat Plant Sci 22/4A and 23/1A:441–528Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sharma P, Mishra NK (2009) Diversity, utilization pattern and indigenous uses of plants in and around a cement factory in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh, North-Western Himalaya. Biol Forum 1:89–91Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ajaib M, Khan Z, Khan N, Wahab M (2010) Ethnobotanical studies on useful shrubs of District Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Pak J Bot 42:1407–1415Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bhat JA, Kumar M, Bussmann RW (2013) Ecological status and traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary of Garhwal Himalaya. Ind J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 9:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bhattacharyya A (1991) Ethnobotanical observations in Ladakh region of Northern Jammu and Kashmir state, India. Econ Bot 45:305–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Koul MK (2010) High altitude botanicals in integrative medicine-case studies from northwest Himalaya. Indian J Tradit Knowl 9:18–25Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pant S, Pant VS (2011) Conservation strategies for threaten plant of Jammu and Kashmir. J Phytol 3:50–56Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sharma R, Manhas RK, Magotra R (2012) Ethnoveterinary remedies of diseases among milk yielding animals in Kathua, Jammu and Kashmir, India. J Ethnopharmacol 14(1):265–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Höft M, Barik SK, Lykke, AM (1999) Quantitative ethnobotany. Applications of multivariate and statistical analyses in ethnobotany. People and plants, working paper 6, UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Camou-Guerrero A, Reyes-García V, Martínez-Ramos M, Casas A (2008) Knowledge and use value of plant species in a Rarámuri community: a gender perspective for conservation. Hum Ecol 36:259–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vitalini S, Iriti M, Puricelli C, Ciuchi D, Segale A, Fico G (2013) Traditional knowledge on medicinal and food plants used in Val San Giacomo (Sondrio, Italy)-an alpine ethnobotanical study. J Ethnopharmacol 145:517–529CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rehman K, Mashwani Z, Khan MA, Ullah Z, Chaudhary HJ (2015) An ethnobotanical perspective of traditional medicinal plants from the Khattak tribe of Chonthra Karak, Pakistan. J Ethnopharmacol 165:251–259CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Phillips O, Gentry AH, Reynel C, Wilkin P, Galvez Durand BC (1994) Quantitative ethnobotany and Amazonian conservation. Conserv Biol 8:225–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tardio J, Pardo-de-Santayana M (2008) Cultural importance indices: a comparative analysis based on the useful wild plants of Southern Cantabria (Northern Spain). Econ Bot 62:24–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    IUCN (2015) The IUCN red list of threatened species. Version 2015-4. www.iucnredlist.org
  19. 19.
    Benz BF, Santana F, Pineda R, Cevallos J, Robles L, De Niz D (1994) Characterization of mestizo plant use in the Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco-Colima, México. J Ethnobiol 14:123–141Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mahmood A, Mahmood A, Malik RN, Shinwari ZK (2013) Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants from Gujranwala district, Pakistan. J Ethnopharmacol 148:714–723CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Stoffle RW, Halmo DB, Evans MJ, Olmsted JE (1990) Calculating the cultural significance of American Indian plants: Paiute and Shoshone Ethnobotany at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Am Anthropol 92:416–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Pieroni A (2001) Evaluation of the cultural significance of wild food botanicals traditionally consumed in Northwestern Tuscany, Italy. J Ethnobiol 21:104–189Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Vijayakumar S, Yabesh JEM, Prabhu S, Manikandan R, Muralidharan B (2014) Quantitative ethnomedicinal study of plants used in the Nelliyampathy hills of Kerala, India. J Ethnopharmacol 161:238–254CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rashid S, Ahmad M, Zafar M, Sultana S, Ayub M, Khan MJ, Yaseen G (2015) Ethnobotanical survey of medicinally important shrubs and trees of Himalayan region of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. J Ethnopharmacol 166:340–351CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bano A, Ahmad M, Hadda TB, Saboor A, Sultana S, Zafar M, Khan MPZ, Arshad M, Ashraf MA (2014) Quantitative ethnomedicinal study of plants used in the Skardu valley at high altitude of Karakoram-Himalayan range, Pakistan. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 10:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Barkatullah Ibrar M, Rauf A, Hadda TB, Mubarak MS, Patel S (2015) Quantitative ethnobotanical survey of medicinal flora thriving in Malakand Pass Hills, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. J Ethnopharmacol 169:335–346CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sharma S, Ahmed J (2014) Anthropogenic disturbances and regeneration status of Pinus roxburghii Sarg. in Ponda Watershed, Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir. J Biodivers Environ Sci 4:426–433Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of JammuJammuIndia

Personalised recommendations