Quantitative Ethnobotanical Approach to Analyze Local Importance of Tree Species in North Western Himalaya: A Case Study of Ponda Watershed, J&K
- 70 Downloads
The present study has been carried out in the Ponda watershed of district Rajouri (J&K), northwestern Himalaya to analyze local importance of tree species by quantitative ethnobotanical approach and their status of availability in the study area. Data was analyzed using relative frequency of citation (RFC) and use value (UV) index along with Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients. A total of 34 tree species were encountered represented by 31 genera and 22 families. All identified tree species were classified into 10 general use categories. As per indigenous use, 27 tree species are exploited for firewood followed by 15 for fodder, 12 each for fruits and making agriculture tools whereas very few tree species are being utilized by local people for various other uses. The UV and RFC of different tree species ranged from 0.02 to 0.12 and 0.04 to 0.80, respectively. The Pearson correlation coefficient was found to be higher (0.60) than the Spearman’s rank correlation (0.54), which reflects high linear relationship as compared to monotonic relationship between RFC and UV. The present study showed that Pinus roxburghii was an abundant species, whereas 3 tree species, i.e. Juglans regia, Ficus religiosa and Ulmus wallichiana were observed to be rare. However, according to the IUCN conservation status of the various trees observed in the study area, Juglans regia and Ulmus wallichiana are near threatened and vulnerable species, respectively, which are also exploited for their multiple uses by the locals.
KeywordsCorrelation coefficient Conservation status Use value Ethnobotany
The authors are thankful to Head Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Jammu, India for providing necessary facilities and thanks are due to the local informants who provided their valuable information.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
There is no conflict of interest.
- 1.Husen A (2013) Growth characteristics, biomass and chlorophyll fluorescence variation of Garhwal Himalaya’s fodder and fuel wood tree species at the nursery stage. Open J For 3:12–16Google Scholar
- 3.Kala CP (2007) Local preference of Ethanobotanical use of species in the Indian Himalaya: implication for environmental conservation. Curr Sci 92:1828–1834Google Scholar
- 4.Nautiyal S, Rao KS, Maikhuri RK, Semwal RL, Saxena KG (2000) Traditional knowledge related to medicinal and aromatic plants in tribal societies in a part of Himalaya. J Med Aromat Plant Sci 22/4A and 23/1A:441–528Google Scholar
- 5.Sharma P, Mishra NK (2009) Diversity, utilization pattern and indigenous uses of plants in and around a cement factory in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh, North-Western Himalaya. Biol Forum 1:89–91Google Scholar
- 6.Ajaib M, Khan Z, Khan N, Wahab M (2010) Ethnobotanical studies on useful shrubs of District Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Pak J Bot 42:1407–1415Google Scholar
- 9.Koul MK (2010) High altitude botanicals in integrative medicine-case studies from northwest Himalaya. Indian J Tradit Knowl 9:18–25Google Scholar
- 10.Pant S, Pant VS (2011) Conservation strategies for threaten plant of Jammu and Kashmir. J Phytol 3:50–56Google Scholar
- 12.Höft M, Barik SK, Lykke, AM (1999) Quantitative ethnobotany. Applications of multivariate and statistical analyses in ethnobotany. People and plants, working paper 6, UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
- 18.IUCN (2015) The IUCN red list of threatened species. Version 2015-4. www.iucnredlist.org
- 19.Benz BF, Santana F, Pineda R, Cevallos J, Robles L, De Niz D (1994) Characterization of mestizo plant use in the Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco-Colima, México. J Ethnobiol 14:123–141Google Scholar
- 22.Pieroni A (2001) Evaluation of the cultural significance of wild food botanicals traditionally consumed in Northwestern Tuscany, Italy. J Ethnobiol 21:104–189Google Scholar
- 27.Sharma S, Ahmed J (2014) Anthropogenic disturbances and regeneration status of Pinus roxburghii Sarg. in Ponda Watershed, Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir. J Biodivers Environ Sci 4:426–433Google Scholar