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Neglected Tropical Diseases: Trematodiases—The Indian Scenario

  • Veena Tandon
  • Jollin A. Shylla
  • Sudeep Ghatani
  • Voleentina D. Athokpam
  • Ranjana Sahu
Review

Abstract

Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) represent the most common infections that mainly affect the poorest of the poor people living in tropical and subtropical countries. Food-borne trematodiases (FBTs) constitute an important group of NTDs caused by digenetic trematodes, which include the lung, liver and intestinal flukes. At least 56 million people are estimated to suffer globally with one or more FBTs. Food-borne trematodes are endemic in several parts of the world, particularly Southeast Asia including the Indian subcontinent. In the context of India, the tropical climate along with the traditional food practices of various native societies provide a congenial transmission environment for many of these trematodes. In the present review, the spectrum of FBTs reportedly occurring in the country and having a zoonotic potential is discussed in brief.

Keywords

Neglected tropical disease Foodborne Trematodiasis Trematode Zoonoses 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support by DBT, GOI under DBT-NER Twinning program and ICMR through research projects on worm zoonoses sanctioned to VT, and by UGC through DSA-II (UGC-SAP) Programme in Zoology, NEHU is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Veena Tandon
    • 1
  • Jollin A. Shylla
    • 1
  • Sudeep Ghatani
    • 1
  • Voleentina D. Athokpam
    • 1
  • Ranjana Sahu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyNorth-Eastern Hill UniversityShillongIndia

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