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Fuzzy Logic-Based Directional Location Routing in Vehicular Ad Hoc Network

  • Kamlesh Kumar RanaEmail author
  • Sachin Tripathi
  • Ram Shringar Raw
Research Article
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

The vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is an autonomous system of mobile vehicles where mobile vehicles can transmit or receive data packet over the wireless link. Due to the movable nature and limited communication, range of vehicles causes breaking the link between them very frequently, which in turn causes failure in the data delivery. Therefore, a stable path should be established from the source to the destination node to deliver data packets at the intended destination node. Therefore, for a stable route from source to the destination node selection of the next hop should be appropriate. The proposed work in this paper has been made to discuss how the best next hop node can be selected to deliver data packet successfully at the destination node D. A mathematical model fuzzy logic-based directional location routing (FLDLR) has been proposed to select a remarkable next hop node in the VANET. To select next hop, FLDLR has considered fuzzy logic sets of the routing metrics, i.e., next hop distance, node speed, closeness, the data transmission rate of the node, and node movement direction. To investigate the performance of FLDLR, the simulation work has been done through network simulator-2 and compared with existing LAR and D-LAR protocols. Through simulated results has shown that the FLDLR outperforms existing protocols from the standpoints routing overhead and packet delivery delay.

Keywords

VANET FLDLR Next hop Fuzzy logic D-LAR LAR 

Notes

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Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kamlesh Kumar Rana
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sachin Tripathi
    • 1
  • Ram Shringar Raw
    • 2
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia
  2. 2.Ambedkar Institute of Advance Communication Technology and ResearchDelhiIndia

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