MODIS-VCF Based Forest Change Analysis in the State of Jharkhand

  • Md. Omar SarifEmail author
  • C. Jeganathan
  • Saptarshi Mondal
Research Article


Health and spread of natural forest is decreasing over time, especially in the developing nations. Without knowing information about actual status of forest cover and its dynamics it would not be easy to control rate of degradation and associated global warming. In this regard, the study attempts to quantify the spatio-temporal dynamics in forest cover in Jharkhand state since its formation (i.e., year 2000) with the help of time-series tree cover information. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer (MODIS) based Vegetation Continuous Fields (VCF) data for 15 years of time-period are analysed. Negative changes (i.e., decrease in the forest cover) were observed mainly in the Latehar, Lohardaga and West Singhbhum districts of Jharkhand, and positive changes were observed over majority of the forested regions of the state during the study period 2000–2014. Interestingly, negative changes were dominant (over ~ 1000 km2) during the initial period 2000–2008, and the later half revealed positive changes (over ~ 1400 km2). The forest cover report published by Forest Survey India during 2001 and 2015 has also revealed overall increase in the forest cover of Jharkhand.


MODIS-VCF Forest cover change analysis Temporal trend Rate of change 



Authors are highly thankful to USGS, NASA, MODIS and LANDSAT team for freely sharing the satellite data and other derived products. We are also thankful to ESA, JRC for sharing GLC data. Thanks to FSI for sharing the forest cover reports and statistics.


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Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geographic Information System (GIS) CellMotilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad (MNNIT Allahabad)AllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Remote SensingBirla Institute of Technology (BIT), MesraRanchiIndia

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