Advertisement

Modification of Portland Cement with Nano SiC

  • Ali Bahari
  • Javad Berenjian
  • Aref Sadeghi-NikEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Silicon carbide (SiC)/cement paste nano composites with different weight ratios of SiC (1.25, 2 and 3.3 %) to cement were synthesized by chemical wet; sol–gel method. The nano structural and mechanical properties of samples are discussed in connection with the influence of size effects and other features in detail with using atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction techniques and X-powder, Nano-Surf and Williamson–Hall analysis. The obtained results show a more stable structure for cement paste/SiC composite containing 2 wt% SiC nano particles. Also, the results indicated that compressive strength and flexural strength of cement mortars increased as a result of replacement ordinary Portland cement with up to 2 wt% SiC nano particles.

Keywords

Nano scale materials Portland cement Mortar and nano SiC 

References

  1. 1.
    Cassagnabere F, Mouret M, Escadeillas G, Broillard P, Bertrand A (2010) Metakaolin, a solution for the precast industry to limit the clinker content in concrete: mechanical aspects. Constr Build Mater 24(7):1109–1118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hranilovi M, Brajdi J, Hranilovi M (2008) (Abstract) Report on the compliance of concrete with structural design requirements. Gradevinar 60(1):13–19Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tomanović Z (2012) The stress and time dependent behaviour of soft rocks. Gradevinar 64(12):993–1007Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M, Mirshafiei E (2015) Effect of silicon carbide nano dispersion on the mechanical and nanostructural properties of cement. Nat Acad Sci Lett 38:361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M, Taghavi K, Mirshafiei SE (2012) Synthesis and strength study of cement mortars containing SiC nano particles. Dig J Nanomater Biostruct 7:1427–1435Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gomez-Toledo C (1977) Studies on cement paste and concrete both made with low porosity cement. JTRP Technical Reports, Purdue e-PubsCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shon I, Song H, Ko I (2011) Simultaneous synthesis and densification of a nanocrystalline(W, Ti)Si2-SiC composite from mechanically activated powders by high frequency induction heating. Mater Trans 52:2258–2261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Taha A, Hammad F (1990) Application of the hall-petch relation to microhardness measurements on Al, Cu, Al-MD 105, and Al–Cu alloys. Physica status solidi (a) 119:455–462ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    ASTM C150-04 (2004) Standard specification for Portland cement. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    ASTM C109/C109M-02 (2002) Standard test method for compressive strength of hydraulic cement mortars (using 2-in. or [50-mm] cube specimens). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    ASTM C348-02 (2002) Standard test method for flexural strength of hydraulic-cement mortars. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hansen N (2004) Hall–Petch relation and boundary strengthening. ScriptaMaterialia 51:801–806Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mote V, Purushotham Y, Dole B (2012) Williamson–Hall analysis in estimation of lattice strain in nanometer-sized ZnO particles. J Theor Appl Phys 6:6–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Guneyisi E, Gesogku M, Ozbay E (2011) Strength and drying shrinkage of self-compacting concretes incorporating multi-system blended mineral admixtures. Constr Build Mater 24(10):1878–1887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Presuel-Moreno F, Scully JR, Sharp SR (2010) Literature review of commercially available alloys that have potential as low-cost corrosion-resistant concrete reinforcement. Corrosion 68:1–13Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bahari A, Roodbari Shahmiri M, Mirnia N (2012) Modified homotopy perturbation method for modeling quantum dots in the quantum clusters. Int Theor Phys 51:3464–3475MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Roodbari M, Bahari A, Karimi HN, Mirnia H, Hosseinzadeh R (2012) A novel nanocomposite carbon paste electrode as a sensor and ethynylferrocene as a mediator for simultaneous determination of glutathione and acetaminophen. Sens Actuators B Chem 177:70–77Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M, Mirnia N (2012) Investigation the Al-Fe-Cr-Ti nano composites structures with using XRD and AFM techniques. Sadhana 37:657–664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bahari A, Robenhagen U, Morgen P, Li Z (2005) Growth of ultrathin silicon nitride on Si(111) at low temperature. Phy Rev B 72:205323–205328ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bahari A, Morgen P, Li Z (2008) Ultra-thin silicon nitride films on Si(100) studied with core level photoemission. Surf Sci 602:2315–2323ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Beigi M, Berenjian J, Lotfi-Omran O, Sadeghi-Nik A, Nikbin A (2013) An experimental survey on combined effects of fibers and nanosilica on the mechanical, rheological, and durability properties of self-compacting concrete. Mater Des 50:1019–1029CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sadeghi-Nik A, Lotfi-Omran O (2013) Estimation of compressive strength of self-compacted concrete with fibers consisting nano-SiO2 using ultrasonic pulse. Constr Build Mater 44:654–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Amiri B, Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Movahedi N (2012) Use of AFM technique to study the nano- silica effects in concrete mixture. IJST 5:2055–2063Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sadeghi-Nik A, Bahari A, Khorshidi Z, Gholipur R (2012) Effect of lanthanum oxide on the bases of cement and concrete. In: Third international conference on construction in developing countries (Advancing Civil, Architectural and Construction Engineering & Management), Bangkok, Thailand, July 4–6, pp 707–712Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Bahari
    • 1
  • Javad Berenjian
    • 2
  • Aref Sadeghi-Nik
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of MazandaranBabolsarIran
  2. 2.Department of Construction Engineering and ManagementTabari University of BabolBabolIran
  3. 3.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Sari BranchIslamic Azad UniversitySariIran

Personalised recommendations