Emerging Orbiviral Infections in Animals in the Climate Change Scenario: Evidence of Bluetongue Virus Antibodies and Antigens in Small Ruminants of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India

  • Sophia InbarajEmail author
  • Karam Chand
  • Sanchay K. Biswas
  • Anandamoy Kundu
  • Jai Sunder
Short Communication


A study was conducted in 2016 to observe the seroprevalence and antigenic prevalence of bluetongue virus (BTV) in goats of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Indirect ELISA and sandwich ELISA were employed to study the seroprevalence and antigenic prevalence. The study revealed 78.49% seropositivity and 72.5% positive for BTV antigens. Thus, the study could be able to reveal the prevalence of BTV antibody and antigens in a unique island ecosystem of India where the arthropod-borne virus was previously absent.


Goats Bluetongue Sera ELISA 



The authors acknowledge the Director, Indian Council of Agricultural Research—Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Portblair, for providing necessary facilities to carry out the research. The authors also acknowledge the Director, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Sciences, Senior Veterinary Officers and the field staffs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands for helping in sample collection.


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Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophia Inbaraj
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Karam Chand
    • 2
  • Sanchay K. Biswas
    • 2
  • Anandamoy Kundu
    • 3
  • Jai Sunder
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAR-Division of Bacteriology and MycologyIndian Veterinary Research InstituteIzatnagar, BareillyIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Division of VirologyIndian Veterinary Research Institute, Mukteswar CampusNainital DistrictIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePortblairIndia

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