Reflection on Iron: Strategy for Nutritional Security in Human

  • Arindam Nag
  • Prasenjit Ray
  • Rajiv RakshitEmail author
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Micronutrient deficiency, especially of iron (Fe), in humans is a well-identified problem. The possible reasons behind the Fe deficiency in humans, particularly women and children, include the inadequate intake of Fe, reduced absorption, disparity between physiological demand and loss of Fe in human and Fe deficiency in soil. Among the available interventions, food supplementation is a common approach in many developed countries. However, in developing countries like India, bio-fortification of food crops is a feasible solution to eradicate the problem of malnutrition due to Fe deficiency. Genetic bio-fortification approach has the potentiality to reduce Fe malnutrition problem in human, but it is a protracted process. Agronomic bio-fortification of food crops could relatively be an easy solution in this regard. The article thus addresses the reasons behind Fe malnutrition in human and the possible strategies to overcome this problem, especially in India where most of the people are largely vegetarians.


Iron malnutrition Human health Alleviation of Fe deficiency Bio-fortification 



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Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Extension EducationDr. Kalam Agricultural College (Bihar Agricultural University)KishanganjIndia
  2. 2.ICAR–National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use PlanningRegional CentreJorhatIndia
  3. 3.Department of Soil Science and Agricultural ChemistryBihar Agricultural UniversityBhagalpurIndia

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