National Academy Science Letters

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 27–33 | Cite as

Distribution and Status of Indian Giant Flying Squirrel (Petaurista philippensis Elliot) in Rajasthan, India

  • Vijay Kumar Koli
  • Chhaya Bhatnagar
  • Satish Kumar Sharma
Research Article

Abstract

Distribution and status of Indian Giant Flying Squirrel (Petaurista philippensis Elliot) have been assessed in the state of Rajasthan, India. A total of 1,704 km surveys were made in southern Rajasthan from January 2009 to June 2011. A total of 86 flying squirrels were encountered at 39 sites of 4 districts and mainly concentrated in protected areas. The overall encounter rate was 0.05 animals/km. Petaurista philippensis was found to be natural cavity dweller and mostly nested on Madhuca longifolia. Hunting, cultural traditions, myths and construction of national highway were found major potent factors for decline flying squirrels’ population.

Keywords

Petaurista philippensis Rajasthan India Madhuca longifolia Myths 

References

  1. 1.
    Yu F, Yu F, Pang J et al (2006) Phylogeny and biogeography of the Petaurista philippensis complex (Rodentia: Sciuridae), inter- and intraspecific relationships inferred from molecular and morphometric analysis. Mol Phylogenet Evol 38:755–766. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.12.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wilson DE, Reeder AE (1993) Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic reference, 2nd edn. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, p 1206Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nandini R (2000) Status and distribution of the small Travancore flying squirrel and the large brown flying squirrel in the Western Ghats. Report submitted to the Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural HistoryGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nandini R (2000) The distribution and status of flying squirrels in Karnataka and Goa. Technical Report. Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Prater SH (2005) The book of Indian animals. Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press, Mumbai, pp 194–197Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Koli VK, Bhatnagar C, Mali D (2011) Gliding behaviour of Indian Giant Flying Squirrel (Petaurista philippensis Elliot). Curr Sci 100(10):1563–1568Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kumara HN, Singh M (2006) Distribution and relative abundance of giant squirrels and flying squirrels in Karnataka, India. Mammalia 70:40–47. doi:10.1515/MAMM.2006.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mishra C, Madhusudan MD, Datta A (2006) Mammals of the high altitudes of western Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalaya: an assessment of threats and conservation needs. Oryx 40:29–35. doi:10.1017/S0030605306000032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kumara HN, Singh M (2004) The influence of differing hunting practices on the relative abundance of mammals in two rainforest areas of the Western Ghats, India. Oryx 38:321–327. doi:10.1017/S0030605304000560 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Babu S, Jayson EA (2009) Anti-predator behaviour of Large Brown Flying Squirrel (Petaurista philippensis): is this an effective census method to survey the species? Curr Sci 96:772–773Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tehsin RH (1980) Occurrence of the large brown flying squirrel and mouse deer near Udaipur, Rajasthan. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 77:498Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chundawat PS, Sharma SK, Solanki HS (2002) Occurrence of the large brown flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista philippensis) in Pulwari Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan. Zoo Print J 17:941Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    IUCN (2010) IUCN red list of threatened species. http://www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 29 June 2010
  14. 14.
    Champion HG, Seth SK (1968) A revised study of the forest types of India. Government of India, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sharma SK (2007) Study of biodiversity and ethnobiology of Phulwari Wildlife Sanctuary, Udaipur (Rajasthan). PhD thesis. Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur, vol. II, pp 498–509Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bhatnagar C, Koli VK, Sharna SK (2010) Summer diet of Indian Giant Flying Squirrel Petaurista philippensis (Elliot) in Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 107:183–188Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Stephen CT, Christopher AF (2000) Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Cons Biol 14:18–30. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1739.2000.99084.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Goosem M (2007) Fragmentation impacts caused by roads through rainforests. Curr Sci 93:1587–1595Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rico A, Pavel K, František S (2007) Barrier effects of roads on movements of small mammals. Folia Zool 56:1–12Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Goosem M (2002) Fragmentation effects of tropical rainforest roads on small mammals: fragmentation, edge effects and traffic disturbance. Wildl Res 29:277–289. doi:10.1071/WR01058 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Umapathy GU, Kumar A (2000) The occurrence of arboreal mammals in the rain forest fragments in the Anamalai hills, South India. Biol Cons 92:311–319. doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(99)00097-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vijay Kumar Koli
    • 1
  • Chhaya Bhatnagar
    • 1
  • Satish Kumar Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Aquatic Toxicology and Wildlife Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University College of ScienceMohanlal Sukhadia UniversityUdaipurIndia
  2. 2.Assistant Conservator of Forests, Wildlife Sanctuary JaisamandUdaipurIndia

Personalised recommendations