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, Volume 80, Issue 5, pp 18–25 | Cite as

Energy Paths for Road Transport in the Future

  • Ulrich Kramer
  • Dietmar Goericke
  • Ralf Thee
Cover Story

A variety of technological options are available for climate-neutral road traffic. In a study, the Research Association for Internal Combustion Engines investigated the costs for several combinations of energy sources and powertrain systems on the basis of well-founded technical analyses. The results of the study show that synthetic e-fuels can be competitive, irrespective of their less favorable efficiencies across the entire energy chain.

Motivation and Method

The European Union's objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80 % by 2050 compared with 1990 levels. Moreover, some member states such as Germany have committed themselves in their climate protection plan to reduce greenhouse gases emissions by 95 % over the same period. Against this background, a working group of the Research Association for Internal Combustion Engines (FVV) has analyzed in a comprehensive peer study different energy paths suitable for achieving climate- neutral road transport by the year 2050...



The Research Association for Internal Combustion Engines would like to thank the more than 50 experts from the cross-industry innovation network of the FVV who advised the authors of the study and made their specialist knowledge available. Our special thanks go to Felix Ortloff (DVGW Research Center at the Engler-Bunte-Institut of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) and Stephan Stollenwerk (innogy) for their outstanding commitment.

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Kramer
    • 1
  • Dietmar Goericke
    • 2
  • Ralf Thee
    • 1
  1. 1.Ford-Werke GmbHKölnGermany
  2. 2.Forschungsvereinigung VerbrennungskraftmaschinenFrankfurt am MainGermany

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