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, Volume 79, Issue 11, pp 40–45 | Cite as

Methods for Analysis of HC and Particle Emission

  • Christian Lensch-Franzen
  • Michael Friedmann
  • Marcus Gohl
  • Gunther Müller
Development

The combination of electrification and alternative operating fluids offers considerable optimization potential for future powertrain concepts in terms of efficiency and emission behavior for sustainable mobility. To examine the effects of new lubricating oil and fuel formulations in this context, the APL Group uses state-of-the-art, highly dynamic exhaust gas measuring technology and new development methods.

Operating Fluids: Complex Mixtures of Hydrocarbons

Fuels and lubricating oils are specifically tailored to the technical requirements of modern engines and powertrains. Depending on the manufacturing process, a distinction is made between synthetic operating fluids obtained conventionally (by refining from crude oil) or produced specifically in chemical processes. They are complex mixtures of over hundred different Hydrocarbons (HC). In addition to chain- like molecules, branched structures and other forms of bonding also occur. In hetero compounds, for example, N, O and S are...

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Lensch-Franzen
    • 1
  • Michael Friedmann
    • 1
  • Marcus Gohl
    • 1
  • Gunther Müller
    • 1
  1. 1.APL Automobil-Prüftechnik Landau GmbHLandauGermany

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