Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE): a reason to isolate?
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In recent years, an increase in invasive VRE infections has been reported worldwide, including Germany. The most common gene encoding resistance to glycopeptides is VanA, but predominant VanB clones are emerging. Although neither the incidence rates nor the exact routes of nosocomial transmission of VRE are well established, screening and strict infection control measures, e.g. single room contact isolation, use of personal protective clothing by hospital staff and intensified surface disinfection for colonized individuals, are implemented in many hospitals. At the same time, the impact of VRE infection on mortality remains unclear, with current evidence being weak and contradictory. In this short review, we aim to give an overview on the current basis of evidence on the clinical effectiveness of infection control measures intended to prevent transmission of VRE and to put these findings into a larger perspective that takes further factors, e.g. VRE-associated mortality and impact on patient care, into account.
KeywordsEnterococci Vancomycin Vancomycin-resistant Isolation Infection control Screening
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Conflict of interest
LMB has received lecture honoraria from Astellas and Merck/MSD, and travel grants from 3M and Gilead. MJGTV is a consultant to: Alb-Fils Kliniken GmbH, Arderypharm, Astellas Pharma, Berlin Chemie, DaVolterra, MaaT Pharma and Merck/MSD; has served at the speakers’ bureau of: Astellas Pharma, Basilea, Gilead Sciences, Merck/MSD, Organobalance, Pfizer; received research funding from: 3M, Astellas Pharma, DaVolterra, Gilead Sciences, MaaT Pharma, Merck/MSD, Morphochem, Organobalance, Seres Therapeutics.
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