The “Choosing Wisely” initiative in infectious diseases
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“Choosing Wisely” is a growing international campaign aiming at practice changes to improve patient health and safety by both, conduct of essential and avoidance of unnecessary diagnostic, preventive and therapeutic procedures. The goal is to create an easily recognizable and distributable list (“Choosing Wisely items”) that addresses common over- and underuse in the management of infectious diseases.
The German Society of Infectious Diseases (DGI) participates in the campaign “Klug Entscheiden” by the German Society of Internal Medicine. Committee members of the (DGI) listed potential ‘Choosing Wisely items’. Topics were subjected to systematic evidence review and top ten items were selected for appropriateness. Five positive and negative recommendations were approved via individual member vote.
The final recommendations are: (1) Imperatively start antimicrobial treatment and remove the focus in Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection. (2) Critically ill patients with signs of infection need early appropriate antibiotic therapy. (3) Annual influenza vaccination should be given to individuals with age >60 years, patients with specific co-morbidities and to contact persons who may spread influenza to others. (4) All children should receive measles vaccine. (5) Prefer oral formulations of highly bioavailable antimicrobials whenever possible. (6) Avoid prescribing antibiotics for uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infections. (7) Do not treat asymptomatic bacteriuria with antibiotics. (8) Do not treat Candida detected in respiratory or gastrointestinal tract specimens. (9) Do not prolong prophylactic administration of antibiotics in patients after they have left the operating room. (10) Do not treat an elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) or procalcitonin with antibiotics for patients without signs of infection.
Physicians will reduce potential harm to patients and increase the value of health care when implementing these recommendations.
KeywordsChoosing Wisely Infectious diseases Recommendations
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this manuscript was reported by the authors.
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