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Infection

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 661–665 | Cite as

An outbreak of tick-borne encephalitis associated with raw goat milk and cheese consumption, Croatia, 2015

  • Leo MarkovinovićEmail author
  • M. L. Kosanović Ličina
  • V. Tešić
  • D. Vojvodić
  • I. Vladušić Lucić
  • T. Kniewald
  • T. Vukas
  • M. Kutleša
  • Lidija Cvetko Krajinović
Brief Report

Abstract

The aim of this report is to emphasize the risk of acquiring TBE by the consumption of raw milk and dairy products. In April–May 2015, we registered the first outbreak of tick-borne encephalitis in Croatia in seven members out of ten exposed persons who consumed raw goat milk or cheese from the same supplier. Infection was confirmed by TBEV enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in all patients. None had been vaccinated nor had observed a tick bite.

Keywords

Tick-borne encephalitis virus Foodborne Outbreak Goat Milk Cheese 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leo Markovinović
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. L. Kosanović Ličina
    • 2
  • V. Tešić
    • 2
  • D. Vojvodić
    • 2
  • I. Vladušić Lucić
    • 1
  • T. Kniewald
    • 1
  • T. Vukas
    • 1
  • M. Kutleša
    • 1
  • Lidija Cvetko Krajinović
    • 1
  1. 1.University Hospital for Infectious Diseases “Dr. Fran Mihaljević”ZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Institute for Public Health “Dr. Andrija Štampar”ZagrebCroatia

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