Comparison of polymyxin B with other antimicrobials in the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia and tracheobronchitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Acinetobacter baumannii
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- Rigatto, M.H., Ribeiro, V.B., Konzen, D. et al. Infection (2013) 41: 321. doi:10.1007/s15010-012-0349-z
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This study was designed to compare the efficacy of polymyxin B with other antimicrobials in the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and tracheobronchitis (VAT) by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Acinetobacter baumannii.
A prospective cohort study was performed. Patients >18 years of age with the diagnosis of VAP or VAT who received appropriate therapy for >48 h were analyzed. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Clinical covariates were assessed and compared between the groups.
A total of 67 episodes were analyzed: 45 (67 %) treated with polymyxin B and 22 (33 %) with comparators. The crude 30-day mortality was 53 % (24 of 45) in the polymyxin B group and 27 % (6 of 22) in the comparator group (P = 0.08). Multivariable analysis using Cox regression models indicated that polymyxin B treatment was independently associated with increased mortality.
Polymyxin B treatment in the currently recommended dosage may be inferior to other drugs in the treatment of VAP and VAT caused by organisms tested as susceptible in vitro to this agent.