, Volume 38, Issue 6, pp 483–485 | Cite as

The first case of Pasteurella canis bacteremia: a cirrhotic patient with an open leg wound

Case Report



Severe human infections caused by the Pasteurella species are typically seen following animal bites. P. canis is a species that rarely affects humans and has never been found in systemic infections.


Here, we report the first documented case of P. canis bacteremia in an infected human, thought to be caused by a dog lick to an open leg wound.


Pasteurella Canis Bacteremia Cirrhosis 



The authors would like to thank Dawn Tolbert and Kresta Austin for their assistance in the laboratory.

Conflict of interest statement



  1. 1.
    Palutke WA, Boyd CB, Carter GR. Pasteurella multocida septicemia in a patient with cirrhosis. Report of a case. Am J Med Sci. 1973;266(4):305–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mutters R, Ihm P, Pohl S, Frederiksen W, Mannheim W. Reclassification of the genus Pasteurella Treevisan 1887 on the basis of the deoxyribonucleic acid homology, with proposals for the new species Pasteurella dagmatis, Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella stomatis, Pasteurella anatis, and Pasteurella langaa. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1985;35:309–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Weber DJ, Wolfson JS, Swartz MN, Hooper DC. Pasteurella multocida infections. Report of 34 cases and review of the literature. Medicine (Baltimore). 1984;63(3):133–54.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Talan DA, Citron DM, Abrahamian FM, Moran GJ, Goldstein EJ. Bacteriologic analysis of infected dog and cat bites. Emergency medicine animal bite infection study group. N Engl J Med. 1999;340(2):85–92.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hubbert WT, Rosen MN. Pasteurella multocida infections. II. Pasteurella multocida infection in man unrelated to animal bite. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1970;60(6):1109–17.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Raffi F, Barrier J, Baron D, Drugeon HB, Nicolas F, Courtieu AL. Pasteurella multocida bacteremia: report of thirteen cases over 12 years and review of the literature. Scand J Infect Dis. 1987;19(4):385–93.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kumar A, Devlin HR, Vellend H. Pasteurella multocida meningitis in an adult: case report and review. Rev Infect Dis. 1990;12(3):440–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Holst E, Rollof J, Larsson L, Nielsen JP. Characterization and distribution of Pasteurella species recovered from infected humans. J Clin Microbiol. 1992;30(11):2984–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Donnio PY, Lerestif-Gautier AL, Avril JL. Characterization of Pasteurella spp. strains isolated from human infections. J Comp Pathol. 2004;130(2–3):137–42.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ashley BD, Noone M, Dwarakanath AD, Malnick H. Fatal Pasteurella dagmatis peritonitis and septicaemia in a patient with cirrhosis: a case report and review of the literature. J Clin Pathol. 2004;57(2):210–2.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rosenthal SL, Freundlich LF. In vitro antibiotic sensitivity of Pasteurella multocida. Health Lab Sci. 1976;13(4):246–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stevens DL, Higbee JW, Oberhofer TR, Everett ED. Antibiotic susceptibilities of human isolates of Pasteurella multocida. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1979;16(3):322–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stevens DL, Bisno AL, Chambers HF, et al. Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of skin and soft-tissue infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;41(10):1373–406.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Citron DM, Warren YA, Fernandez HT, Goldstein MA, Tyrrell KL, Goldstein EJ. Broth microdilution and disk diffusion tests for susceptibility testing of Pasteurella species isolated from human clinical specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43(5):2485–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Collins FM. Mechanisms of acquired resistance to Pasteurella multocida infection: a review. Cornell Vet. 1977;67(1):103–38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rosenau A, Labigne A, Escande F, Courcoux P, Philippon A. Plasmid-mediated ROB-1 beta-lactamase in Pasteurella multocida from a human specimen. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1991;35(11):2419–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Naas T, Benaoudia F, Lebrun L, Nordmann P. Molecular identification of TEM-1 beta-lactamase in a Pasteurella multocida isolate of human origin. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2001;20(3):210–3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Urban & Vogel 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Infectious Diseases Section, Medical Services Office (111)Boise Veterans Affairs Medical CenterBoiseUSA

Personalised recommendations