Development of mixed anaerobic culture for degrading high concentrations of chlorophenols

  • M. Goel
  • M. Ramesh
  • J. S. Sudarsan
  • R. Kanawade
  • S. NithiyananthamEmail author
Original Paper


This study details the development of mixed anaerobic culture capable of degrading high concentrations of chlorophenols; 4-chlorophenol (MCP), 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP) and pentachlorophenol (PCP) were used for that purpose. The role of glucose concentration and the relative potential of mixed culture for acclimatization of different chlorophenols under anaerobic conditions were studied. Methane production, pH and their reduction in concentrations of glucose and chlorophenols were measured at regular intervals. It was observed that after 350 days of acclimatization, anaerobic cultures degraded up to 200 ppm MCP, 200 ppm DCP and 250 ppm PCP. It was also found that the biogenic substrate such as glucose increased the rate of chlorophenols acclimatization and degradation.


Anaerobic degradation Chlorophenols Mixed culture Glucose 



The authors are grateful to acknowledge The Management, SRM University for providing the facility to complete this work.


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Goel
    • 1
    • 4
  • M. Ramesh
    • 2
  • J. S. Sudarsan
    • 3
  • R. Kanawade
    • 4
  • S. Nithiyanantham
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Engineering and MathsSheffield Hallam UniversitySheffieldUK
  2. 2.Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate ChangeNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.School of Construction Management (SOCM)National Institute of Construction Management and Research (NICMAR)PuneIndia
  4. 4.Department of Chemical EngineeringShroff S. R. Rotary Institute of Chemical Technology, ValiaBharuchIndia
  5. 5.Post Graduate and Research Department of Physics (Ultrasonic/NDT and Bio-Physics Divisions)Thiru.Vi.Kalyanasundaram Govt Arts and Science College (Affiliation - Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India)ThiruvarurIndia

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