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Numerical simulation of pollutant dispersion in the residential areas with continuous grass barriers

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Abstract

In this paper, numerical modeling of the movement and dispersion of pollutant emissions between houses as well as the effect of a continuous barrier on the spread of pollutants was considered. To solve this problem, a system of Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations was used, and various turbulent models were applied to close this equation system. To test the mathematical model, the numerical algorithm and the choice of the optimal turbulent model, the test problem was solved numerically. The obtained numerical results were compared with experimental data and the results of modeling by other authors. After checking the mathematical model, the numerical algorithm and the choice of the optimal turbulent model, the main problem describing the process of pollutant emissions between houses using continuous grass barriers was solved. In this problem, the distribution of pollutants was considered when using herbal barriers and the optimal height for these barriers was chosen. For the simulation, the RNG k-epsilon turbulence model was applied, which was chosen from the obtained results of the test problem. The numerical simulation results were compared with the obtained calculated data using different heights of solid grass barriers. And it was found that when using a solid grass barrier with a height of 0.1 m, the concentration value drops by more than 1.5 times compared with that without using a barrier, and further increasing the height of the barrier does not give the desired result.

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Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the grant from the Ministry of education and science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Author information

Correspondence to A. Issakhov.

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Conflict of interests

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Additional information

Editorial responsibility: S. R. Sabbagh-Yazdi.

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Issakhov, A., Omarova, P. Numerical simulation of pollutant dispersion in the residential areas with continuous grass barriers. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 17, 525–540 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-019-02517-x

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Keywords

  • Residential areas
  • Pollutant dispersion
  • SIMPLE algorithm
  • Large eddy simulation (LES)
  • Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS)