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Toward sustainable performance of reservoir sedimentation in aquatic environment of Katery lake, Tamil Nadu, India

  • M. Selvabalan
  • M. Game
  • C. R. S. Kumar
  • B. KandasubramanianEmail author
Original Paper
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

In present study, a detailed analysis on the rate of sedimentation of Katery lake (Tamil Nadu, India) was performed by using Differential Global Positioning System-based single-beam dual-frequency echo sounder bathymetry technique to find out the amount of sediment deposited over the years and reasons behind the water scarcity to local population. The collected bathymetry data during survey were processed with MATLAB and Surfer software for lake bed surface profile generation to find out the depth of water and deposited sediments, while the volume estimation was carried out by Extended Simpson 3/8 method. Sedimentation analysis was performed over the time interval of 10 years during 2003 and 2013. Herein, it was observed that rate of sedimentation was 3224.8 m3/year and the estimated quantity of deposited silt was 156,327 m3 which are 69% of total water storage capacity of the lake. Therefore, in order to curtail the after-effects of fast sedimentation, the rejuvenation program was executed in the years 2014–2015, to maintain long-term sustainability and performance of the lake. Sediment estimation was validated using numerical analysis and practical dredged volume, which helped in regaining 239% water storage capacity of lake. Thus, the lake rejuvenation program was successfully executed using bathymetry survey analysis for all three phases.

Keywords

Rejuvenation Sediment deposition Single-beam echo sounder bathymetry Extended Simpson 3/8 Water storage capacity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors sincerely acknowledge Dr. C. P. Ramanarayanan, Vice-Chancellor of DIAT (DU), Pune, and Director of CWPRS, Pune, for motivation and support. The authors are grateful to Cordite Factory Aruvankadu, Tamil Nadu, India, for the financial support for initial survey, lake rejuvenation and de-siltation program via Project Grant No. TR4175, dated Oct, 2004, and TR5399, dated June, 2016. The authors are grateful to Mr. Prakash Gore and Mr. Ramdayal Yadav who provided continuous technical support and helped in the revision of this paper. Authors are thankful to Maj. Ravi Sunhare, Maj. Ankur Garg, Shri. R Ganesh (AGE), Mr. Mutthu Krishnan (JE), Mr. S Meharwaran (JE) Garrison Engineers, Wellington for providing help and support during the field work. Authors are thankful to Shri. SB Salunkhe (Research Officer), Shri. Ajay Sonawane (Asst. Research Officer) for providing technical help with bathymetry data collection. Authors acknowledge M/s. SARU Enterprises for providing the support of the dredger for the excavation of sediments and for the construction of check dams.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Water and Power Research Station, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga RejuvenationGovernment of IndiaPuneIndia
  2. 2.Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (Deemed University), Ministry of DefenceGovernment of IndiaGirinagar, PuneIndia
  3. 3.Department of Computer Engineering, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (Deemed University), Ministry of DefenceGovernment of IndiaGirinagar, PuneIndia

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