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Optimization of protein extraction from detoxified Jatropha seed cake using response surface methodology and amino acid analysis

  • S. AhluwaliaEmail author
  • R. Bidlan
  • A. K. Shrivastav
  • R. K. Goswami
  • P. Singh
  • J. G. Sharma
Original Paper
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Jatropha seed cake is a by-product of biodiesel industry which is rich in proteins and carbohydrates and contains many bioactive compounds. Besides having a good protein quality, the essential amino acid content (except lysine) is also high in Jatropha seed cake, and therefore, Jatropha proteins can be exploited for many technical applications. The major hindrance for its use as a protein supplement is the presence of anti-nutritional factors and toxins, especially the phorbol esters. The detoxification of Jatropha seed cake for the removal of phorbol esters has been shown in our earlier studies. Proteins were extracted from the detoxified Jatropha seed cake and analyzed for amino acid content. Various parameters such as temperature, solubilization pH, precipitation pH and extraction time were studied for their effect on protein content, and the process was optimized using response surface methodology among 5 best samples selected based on protein content and protein yield from dry concentrates. The amount of dry matter, protein content and protein yield of 17.1%, 41.98% and 38.66%, respectively, was obtained under the optimized conditions of 60 °C temperature, solubilization pH 11.0, precipitation pH 4.41 and extraction time of 0.78 h. Amino acid contents revealed that the extracted samples contained a higher concentration of essential amino acids, especially leucine (4.40 ± 0.98 g/100 g). The results indicated that the protein extraction procedure from Jatropha seed cake affected the amino acid content, yet the values were close to FAO/WHO reference protein, and thus, the Jatropha proteins can be explored further for their use as feed supplement.

Keywords

Jatropha proteins Isoelectric precipitation Amino acids Response surface methodology Optimization process 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first two authors acknowledge DTU and UGC for providing research fellowships.

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Ahluwalia
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Bidlan
    • 1
  • A. K. Shrivastav
    • 1
  • R. K. Goswami
    • 2
  • P. Singh
    • 3
  • J. G. Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyDelhi Technological UniversityDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringDelhi Technological UniversityDelhiIndia

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