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Environmental assessment of toxic metals from Canal on Mehran University water treatment plant, Jamshoro, Pakistan

  • A. Ullah
  • S. S. Hassan
  • A. K. Ansari
  • N. B. Jalbani
  • R. B. Mahar
  • Z. Ahmed
  • R. Z. Brohi
  • M. Y. Talpur
Original Paper

Abstract

The main aim of this study was to evaluate the heavy metals in Mehran University water treatment plant, Jamshoro District, Sindh, Pakistan. The water samples were collected throughout the year (June 2016 to May 2017) from different locations such as raw water source (Kalri Baghar feeder), Mehran University water treatment plant and water distribution network from water treatment plant to the departments of Mehran University. The water samples from different locations were coded as S1 (Kalri Baghar Feeder/intake raw water source), from Mehran University water treatment plant (S2–S4), i.e., S2 (sedimentation tank outlet), S3 (post-filtration), S4 (Mehran University storage tank) and at last from Mehran University department, i.e., S5 (institute of water resources management), respectively. The atomic absorption spectrometry technique was used to evaluate the levels of heavy metals in water samples from different locations. The ranges of mean concentrations were analyzed from different locations (S1, S2, S3, S4 and S5) in Mehran water treatment plant such as for zinc from 60.368 to 137.6 µg/L, for copper from 1.82 to 4.08 µg/L, for chromium from 1.709 to 3.448 µg/L, for arsenic from 3.08 to 4.29 µg/L, for mercury and cadmium were observed under below detection limit. The detection limit of these metals was observed at 1, 0.5, 0.2, 2, 2 and 0.05 µg/L for zinc, copper, chromium, arsenic, cadmium and mercury, respectively. The recovery of the spike analyte was observed from 95 to 103% in different locations. The observed concentrations of selected heavy metals are under World Health Organization and National Environmental Quality Standards guideline limits.

Keywords

Heavy metals Atomic absorption spectrometry Kalri Baghar Canal Mehran University water treatment plant Jamshoro District 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank US–Pakistan centers for advanced studies in water (USPCAS-W), Mehran University of Engineering and Technology (MUET) Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan, for the financial supports and the provision of an excellent environment for research. The work reported under “Mehran clean water” project was funded by USPCAS-W, MUET, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan and University of UTAH, UTAH, USA. I would like to express my profound sense of reverence to Prof. Dr. Steven. Burian, Prof. Dr. Tariq Banuri (Chairman, HEC Pakistan) and Prof. Dr. Muhammad Aslam Chaudhry for their motivation and untiring help during the training of visiting student exchange program in University of UTAH, USA.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors have declared that there is no conflict of interests. S.S.H., R.B.M., Z.A. are employees of USPCAS-W, MUET, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. Azizullah is a graduate student of USPCAS-W, MUET. A.K.A is contracted employee of QUEST, Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan. N.B.J. is a senior scientific officer in PCSIR laboratory, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. R.Z. is laboratory in charge of AAS in Environmental Engineering Department, MUET, Jamshoro, Sindh. M.Y.T. is employee of Dr. M. A. Kazi Institute of Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh.

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Ullah
    • 1
  • S. S. Hassan
    • 1
  • A. K. Ansari
    • 2
  • N. B. Jalbani
    • 3
  • R. B. Mahar
    • 1
  • Z. Ahmed
    • 1
  • R. Z. Brohi
    • 4
  • M. Y. Talpur
    • 5
  1. 1.US.-Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Water (USPCAS-W)Mehran University of Engineering and Technology (MUET)JamshoroPakistan
  2. 2.Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and TechnologyNawabshahPakistan
  3. 3.Centre for Environmental StudiesPakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Lab (PCSIR Lab)KarachiPakistan
  4. 4.Institute of Environmental Engineering and ManagementMehran University of Engineering and TechnologyJamshoroPakistan
  5. 5.Dr. M. A. Kazi Institute of ChemistryUniversity of SindhJamshoroPakistan

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