Socio-ecological studies on a tropical coastal area in southern India
- 32 Downloads
Socioeconomic status versus human health issues were studied during one year among coastal communities of southern India. Hydrochemical (16) and microbial parameters (9) were analyzed, and the results were represented by using correlation coefficient and principal component analysis (PCA). Bacteriological populations were higher in this order TVC > TC > VLO > VC > TS > FC > FS > SA, and antibiotic resistance to β-lactams (amoxicillin, ampicillin, methicillin, and penicillin-G) was found against Salmonella sp. (52%), Vibrio sp. (49%), E. coli (47.5%), and Shigella sp. (40%). According to our observational epidemiological survey, drinking water usage on people by municipal supplies accounted for 48% and groundwater sources for 52% of the demand. Open defecation accounted for 85.9%, wrecked latrines contributed with 10.4%, and the possibility of hygienic sanitary usage was available only to 3.7%. Average infection rates of male adult patients accounted for 29%, compared to female (12%) and children (8%) suggesting for the implementation of an effective child care program and national health mission.
KeywordsHydrochemical Pollution indicators Antibiotic resistance Epidemiology Correlation coefficient
The first author acknowledge Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli—620 024, India for providing University Research Fellowship (URF). One of the authors K. Muthukumar wishes to thank the Department of Science and Technology, Science Engineering Research Board (DST-SERB), New Delhi, India, for awarding the National Postdoctoral Fellowship (PDF/2017/002213) to undertake a part of this study. H.-U. Dahms acknowledges the support of a grant from the Research Center for Environmental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University (KMU) and MOST105-2621-M-037-001 to T.H. SHIH.
- Bauer AW, Kirby WM, Sherris JC, Turck M (1996) Antibiotic susceptibility testing by standardized single disc method. Am J Clin Pathol 44:493–496Google Scholar
- Biati A, Nikoomaram H, Karbassi AR (2012) Study of metal concentrations in surface sediments of the persian gulf coastal area (Bushehr Province). Int J Mar Sci Eng 2(1):75–80Google Scholar
- Bureau of Indian Standards [BIS] (2012) Indian standard: Drinking water specification. Bureau of Indian Standard, IS 10500:2012. New Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
- Huang YC, Wu TN, Cheng PJ (2005) Characterization of groundwater quality by multivariate statistical analysis: an example from Kaohsiung County, Taiwan. In: Mathew K, Nhapi I (eds) Water and wastewater management for developing countries, water and environment management series. IWA Publishing, LondonGoogle Scholar
- International Institute for Population Sciences and Macro International [IIPS] (2007) National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06: India: volume I. IIPS, MumbaiGoogle Scholar
- Karbassi AR, Abdollahzadeh EM, Fariman GA, Nazariha M, Assadi MM (2017) Predicting the distribution of Harmful algal bloom (HAB) in the coastal Area of Oman sea. Nature Environ and Poll Tech 16(3):753–764Google Scholar
- Karbassi AR, Tajziehchi S, Khoshghalb H (2018) Speciation of heavy metals in coastal wasters of Qeshm Island in the Persian Gulf. Global J Environ Sci Manage 4(1):91–98Google Scholar
- Mohandas C, Shanta Nair C, Achthan Kutty T, Lokbharathi PA (2000) Pollution monitoring of coastal and estuarine areas: I. bacterial indicators along the south Gujarat coast. Ind J Mar Sci 29:43–47Google Scholar
- Monavari M, Abed MH, Karbassi AR, Farshchi P, Abedi Z (2013) Integrated coastal tourism zone management (ICTZM) as a basis for sustainable development of the south coastline of the Caspian Sea. Indian J Geo-Mar Sci 42(5):635–646Google Scholar
- Selvaraj K, Ram-Mohan V, Srinivasalu S, Jonathan MP, Siddartha R (2003) Distribution of non-detrital trace metals in sediment cores from Ennore creek, southeast coast of India. J Geo Soc Ind 62:191–204Google Scholar