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Chromium removal from tannery wastewater using Syzygium cumini bark adsorbent

  • Md. A. HashemEmail author
  • Md. A. Momen
  • M. Hasan
  • Md. S. Nur-A-Tomal
  • Md. H. R. Sheikh
Original Paper
  • 90 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, chromium removal efficiency of the prepared adsorbent from the Syzygium cumini bark is stated. After collecting, Syzygium cumini bark was sun-dried, burnt, grinded and sieved on 80 mesh. The prepared adsorbent was characterized by different techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX). The effectiveness of adsorbent for the chromium removal efficiency was examined investigating different parameters, e.g., adsorbent dose, contact time, and relative pH. In batch-wise treatment process at optimized conditions, 75 mL chromium-containing wastewater was mixed with 3 g adsorbent, stirred for 15 min, settled, and chromium content was measured by the titrimetric method. Chromium content in the raw wastewater and filtrate was 2920.24 and 3.46 mg/L, respectively. The chromium removal efficiency was obtained 99.9%. The reduction in BOD, COD, and chloride was 97, 94, and 56%, respectively. The use of low-cost indigenous adsorbent could be an option for the chromium removal from tannery wastewater.

Keywords

Tannery Chrome-tanning wastewater Environment Pollution Adsorbent 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors wish to thank the related personnel for providing all facilities to conduct this research at Department of Leather Engineering, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET), Khulna 9203, Bangladesh. Authors also want to extend thanks to Prof. Dr. Md. Mominul Islam, Department of Chemistry, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh, for laboratory support.

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. A. Hashem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Md. A. Momen
    • 1
  • M. Hasan
    • 1
  • Md. S. Nur-A-Tomal
    • 1
  • Md. H. R. Sheikh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Leather EngineeringKhulna University of Engineering and TechnologyKhulnaBangladesh

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