Advertisement

Development of a two-stage washing and biodegradation system to remediate octachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin-contaminated soils

  • J. L. Lin
  • C. D. Dong
  • C. W. Chen
  • S. H. Chen
  • T. E. Hsieh
  • C. M. Kao
Original Paper
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

A two-stage system for octachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (OCDD)-contaminated soil remediation was developed. Soil washing using emulsified oil (EO) was applied in the first stage for OCDD extraction followed by the second stage of bioremediation using P. mendocina NSYSU for remaining OCDD biodegradation. The major tasks included (1) determination of optimal soil washing conditions for OCDD extraction by EO, (2) evaluation of feasibility of OCDD biodegradation by P. mendocina NSYSU under aerobic cometabolic conditions using EO as the primary substrate, and (3) assessment of the effectiveness of OCDD removal using the two-stage system. During the soil washing stage, EO with two different oil-to-water ratios (1:50 and 1:200) and pore volumes were tested with initial soil OCDD concentration of 21,000 µg/kg. Results indicate that EO could effectively improve the solubility and desorption of OCDD in soils. Up to 74% of OCDD removal could be obtained after washing with 60 PVs of EO and dilution factor of 50. After the soil washing process, enriched P. mendocina NSYSU solution was added into the reactor to enhance the aerobic biodegradation of remaining OCDD in soils. P. mendocina NSYSU could use adsorbed EO globules as substrates and caused significant OCDD degradation via the aerobic cometabolic mechanism. Approximately 82% of the remaining OCDD could be removed after 50 days of operation, and P. mendocina NSYSU played important roles in OCDD biodegradation. Up to 87% of OCDD was removed through the EO washing and biodegradation process. The two-stage system is a potential technology to remediate dioxin-contaminated soils.

Keywords

Emulsified oil Octachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin Pseudomonas mendocina NSYSU Soil washing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project was funded in part by Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan. The authors would like to thank the personnel at Ministry of Science and Technology and researchers at the Department of Biological Science, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Taiwan, for their assistance and support throughout this project.

Funding was provided by Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (Grant No. 103-2622-E-006-018-CC2).

References

  1. APHA (American Public Health Association) (2005) American water works association and water environment federation, standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, (22st ed.). WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. Bastviken D (2013) Rapid and extensive natural chlorination & dechlorination of soil organic matter. Euro Chlor 17:1–4Google Scholar
  3. EPA (1994) US Environmental Protection Agency, Tetra-through octa-chlorinated dioxins and furans by isotope dilution HRGC/HRMS. Method 1613, Washington DC, USAGoogle Scholar
  4. Gong Z, Wilke BM, Alef K, Li P, Zhou Q (2006) Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from manufactured gas plant-contaminated soils using sunflower oil: laboratory column experiments. Chemosphere 62:780–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hiraishi A (2008) Biodiversity of dehalorespiring bacteria with special emphasis on polychlorinated biphenyl/dioxin dechlorinators. Microbes Environ 23:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hung PC, Chang SH, Ou Yang CC, Chang MB (2016) Simultaneous removal of PCDD/Fs, pentachlorophenol and mercury from contaminated soil. Chemosphere 144:50–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Im J, Yang K, Jho EH, Nam K (2015) Effect of different soil washing solutions on bioavailability of residual arsenic in soils and soil properties. Chemosphere 138:253–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ishiguro M, Koopal LK (2016) Surfactant adsorption to soil components and soils. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 231:59–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jeon JR, Murugesan K, Baldrian P, Schmidt S, Chang YS (2016) Aerobic bacterial catabolism of persistent organic pollutants: potential impact of biotic and abiotic interaction. Curr Opin Biotechnol 38:71–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kao CM, Liu JK, Chen YL, Chai CT, Chen SC (2005) Factors affecting the biodegradation of PCP by Pseudomonas mendocina NSYSU. J Hazard Mater 124:68–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Li JL, Chen BH (2009) Surfactant-mediated biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Materials 2:76–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Liang SH, Kuo YC, Chen SH, Chen CY, Kao CM (2013) Development of a slow polycolloid-releasing substrate (SPRS) biobarrier to remediate TCE-contaminated aquifers. J Hazard Mater 254–255:107–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Liu H, Park JW, Häggblom MM (2014) Enriching for microbial reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans. Environ Pollut 184:222–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. López-Blanco R, Gilbert-López B, Rojas-Jiménez R, Robles-Molina J, Ramos-Martos N, García-Reyes JF, Molina-Díaz A (2016) Evaluation of processing factors for selected organic contaminants during virgin olive oil production: distribution of BTEXS during olives processing. Food Chem 199:273–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lowry GV, Gregory KB, Apte SC, Lead JR (2012) Transformations of nanomaterials in the environment. Environ Sci Technol 46:6893–6899CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mao X, Jiang R, Xiao W, Yu J (2015) Use of surfactants for the remediation of contaminated soils: a review. J Hazard Mater 285:419–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McKay G (2002) Dioxin characterisation, formation and minimisation during municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration: review. Chem Eng J 86:343–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mousset E, Huguenot D, van Hullebusch ED, Oturan N, Guibaud G, Esposito G, Oturan MA (2016) Impact of electrochemical treatment of soil washing solution on PAH degradation efficiency and soil respirometry. Environ Pollut 211:354–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nam IH, Hong HB, Schmidt S (2014) Is the biotransformation of chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins by Sphingomonas wittichii RW1 governed by thermodynamic factors? J Microbiol 52:801–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nogales B, Moore ERB, Abraham WR, Timmis KN (1999) Identification of the metabolically active members of a bacterial community in a polychlorinated biphenyl-polluted moorland soil. Environ Microbiol 1:199–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. NSC (2012) Development of treatment technologies to remediate toxic chemical contaminated sites. National Science Council, Taipei, Taiwan Report No. 101-2622-E-006-001-C-C1Google Scholar
  22. Piskorska-Pliszczynska J, Strucinski P, Mikolajczyk S, Maszewski S, Rachubik J, Pajurek M (2016) Pentachlorophenol from an old henhouse as a dioxin source in eggs and related human exposure. Environ Pollut 208(Part B):404–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sheu YT, Chen SC, Chien CC, Chen CC, Kao CM (2015) Application of a long-lasting colloidal substrate with pH and hydrogen sulfide control capabilities to remediate TCE-contaminated groundwater. J Hazard Mater 284:222–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shin ES, Kim JC, Choi SD, Kang YW, Chang YS (2016) Estimated dietary intake and risk assessment of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls from fish consumption in the Korean general population. Chemosphere 146:419–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shrestha HK, Hwu KK, Chang MC (2010) Advances in detection of genetically engineered crops by multiplex polymerase chain reaction methods. Trends Food Sci Technol 21:442–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. SPSS, Stochastic Package for Social Science (2007) Statistics Base 17.0 User’s Guide. ISBN-13-978-1-56827-400-3, https://www.jou.ufl.edu/assets/researchlab/SPSS-Statistcs-Base-Users-Guide-17.0.pdf
  27. Trellu C, Mousset E, Pechaud Y, Huguenot D, van Hullebusch ED, Esposito G, Oturan MA (2016) Removal of hydrophobic organic pollutants from soil washing/flushing solutions: a critical review. J Hazard Mater 306:149–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tsai TT, Liu JK, Chang YM, Chen KF, Kao CM (2014) Application of polycolloid-releasing substrate to remediate trichloroethylene-contaminated groundwater: a pilot-scale study. J Hazard Mater 268:92–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tu YT, Liu JK, Lin WC, Lin JL, Kao CM (2014) Enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of OCDD-contaminated soils by Pseudomonas mendocina NSYSU: microcosm, pilot-scale, and gene studies. J Hazard Mater 278:433–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Warenik-Bany M, Strucinski P, Piskorska-Pliszczynska J (2016) Dioxins and PCBs in game animals: interspecies comparison and related consumer exposure. Environ Int 89–90:21–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Xiao J, Guo L, Wang S, Lu Y (2010) Comparative impact of cadmium on two phenanthrene-degrading bacteria isolated from cadmium and phenanthrene co-contaminated soil in China. J Hazard Mater 174:818–823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zhang S, Wan R, Wang Q, Xie S (2011) Identification of anthracene degraders in leachate–contaminated aquifer using stable isotope probing. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 65:1224–1228CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. L. Lin
    • 1
  • C. D. Dong
    • 2
  • C. W. Chen
    • 2
  • S. H. Chen
    • 3
  • T. E. Hsieh
    • 1
  • C. M. Kao
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental EngineeringNational Sun Yat-Sen UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Marine Environmental EngineeringNational Kaohsiung Marine UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan
  3. 3.Institute of Urban EnvironmentChinese Academy of ScienceXiamenChina

Personalised recommendations