Synthesis and characterization of a novel Schiff-base/SBA-15 nanoadsorbent for removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions
- 218 Downloads
A novel Schiff-base/SBA-15 nanoadsorbent was successfully synthesized by the reaction of salicylaldehyde and (3-aminopropyl) trimethoxysilane in methanol and subsequent grafting with SBA-15. The morphology and structures of the as-synthesized Schiff-base/SBA-15 nanoadsorbent were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermo-gravimetric analysis, and N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms. The obtained Schiff-base/SBA-15 nanoadsorbent was used for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solutions. The effects of various parameters such as temperature, concentration, pH, and contact time were examined, and optimal experimental conditions were determined. The equilibrium isotherms were conducted using Freundlich and Langmuir models. The pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion models were used to fit adsorption data in the kinetic studies. The thermodynamic parameters such as the standard enthalpy, standard entropy, and standard free energy were evaluated. The obtained results indicated that the Schiff-base/SBA-15 nanoadsorbent is an efficient adsorbent for removing MB.
KeywordsSchiff-base SBA-15 Nanoadsorbent Methylene blue Kinetic model
Authors are thankful to the Payame Noor University for the funding of this study (with grant number of 62370).
- Cheraghali R, Tavakoli H, Sepehrian H (2013) Preparation, characterization and lead sorption performance of alginate-SBA-15 composite as a novel adsorbent. Sci Iran 20:1028–1034Google Scholar
- Freundlich HMF (1906) Over the adsorption in solution. J Phys Chem 57:385–470Google Scholar
- Ghaedi M, Zeinali N, Ghaedi AM, Teimuori M, Tashkhourian J (2014b) Artificial neural network-genetic algorithm based optimization for the adsorption of methylene blue and brilliant green from aqueous solution by graphite oxide nanoparticle. Spectrochim Acta Mol Biomol 125:264–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Suchithra PS, Vazhayal L, Mohamed AP, Ananthakumar S (2012) Mesoporous organic–inorganic hybrid aerogels through ultrasonic assisted sol–gel intercalation of silica–PEG in bentonite for effective removal of dyes, volatile organic pollutants and petroleum products from aqueous solution. Chem Eng J 200–202:589–600CrossRefGoogle Scholar